Meaning of ESTIMATE in English

ESTIMATE

I. ˈes-tə-ˌmāt transitive verb

( -mat·ed ; -mat·ing )

Etymology: Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

Date: circa 1532

1. archaic

a. : esteem

b. : appraise

2.

a. : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of

b. : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of

c. : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of

3. : judge , conclude

• es·ti·ma·tive -ˌmā-tiv adjective

Synonyms:

estimate , appraise , evaluate , value , rate , assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out

estimated the crowd at two hundred

appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment

having their house appraised

evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary

evaluate a student's work

value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment

a watercolor valued by the donor at $500

rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values

a highly rated restaurant

assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action

officials are trying to assess the damage

II. ˈes-tə-mət noun

Date: 1552

1. : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

2. : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing

had a high estimate of his abilities

3.

a. : a rough or approximate calculation

b. : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter

4. : a statement of the cost of work to be done

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.