Meaning of GROUND in English

GROUND

/ graʊnd; NAmE / noun , verb , adjective

—see also grind verb

■ noun

SURFACE OF EARTH

1.

(often the ground ) [ U ] the solid surface of the earth :

I found her lying on the ground .

He lost his balance and fell to the ground .

2 metres above / below ground

Most of the monkeys' food is found at ground level .

ground forces (= soldiers that fight on land, not in the air or at sea)

Houses and a luxury tourist hotel were burned to the ground (= completely destroyed, so that there is nothing left) .

➡ note at floor

SOIL

2.

[ U ] soil on the surface of the earth :

fertile ground for planting crops

➡ note at soil

AREA OF LAND

3.

[ U ] an area of open land :

The kids were playing on waste ground behind the school.

4.

[ C ] (often in compounds) ( BrE ) an area of land that is used for a particular purpose, activity or sport :

a football / recreation / sports, etc. ground

ancient burial grounds

—see also breeding ground , dumping ground , parade ground , stamping ground , testing ground ➡ note at land

5.

grounds [ pl. ] a large area of land or sea that is used for a particular purpose :

fishing grounds

feeding grounds for birds

GARDENS

6.

grounds [ pl. ] the land or gardens around a large building :

the hospital grounds

AREA OF KNOWLEDGE / IDEAS

7.

[ U ] an area of interest, knowledge or ideas :

He managed to cover a lot of ground in a short talk.

We had to go over the same ground (= talk about the same things again) in class the next day.

You're on dangerous ground (= talking about ideas that are likely to offend sb or make people angry) if you criticize his family.

I thought I was on safe ground (= talking about a suitable subject) discussing music with her.

He was back on familiar ground , dealing with the customers.

They are fighting the Conservatives on their own ground .

—see also common ground , middle ground

GOOD REASON

8.

[ C , usually pl. ] ground for sth / for doing sth a good or true reason for saying, doing or believing sth :

You have no grounds for complaint.

What were his grounds for wanting a divorce?

The case was dismissed on the grounds that there was not enough evidence.

He retired from the job on health grounds .

Employers cannot discriminate on grounds of age.

➡ note at reason

IN LIQUID

9.

grounds [ pl. ] the small pieces of solid matter in a liquid that have fallen to the bottom :

coffee grounds

ELECTRICAL WIRE

10.

[ C , usually sing. ] ( NAmE ) = earth (5)

BACKGROUND

11.

[ C ] a background that a design is painted or printed on :

pink roses on a white ground

IDIOMS

- cut the ground from under sb's feet

- gain / make up ground (on sb/sth)

- get (sth) off the ground

- give / lose ground (to sb/sth)

- go to ground

- hold / stand your ground

- on the ground

- run / drive / work yourself into the ground

- run sb/sth into the ground

- thick / thin on the ground

—more at ear , firm adjective , foot noun , gain verb , hit verb , moral adjective , neutral adverb , new , prepare , rivet verb , shift verb , stony , suit verb

■ verb

BOAT

1.

when a boat grounds or sth grounds it, it touches the bottom of the sea and is unable to move :

[ vn ]

The fishing boat had been grounded on rocks off the coast of Cornwall.

[also v ]

AIRCRAFT

2.

[ vn ] [ often passive ] to prevent an aircraft from taking off :

The balloon was grounded by strong winds.

All planes out of Heathrow have been grounded by the strikes.

CHILD

3.

[ vn ] [ usually passive ] to punish a child by not allowing them to go out with their friends for a period of time :

You're grounded for a week!

ELECTRICITY

4.

[ vn ] ( NAmE ) = earth

—see also grounded , grounding

■ adjective

[ only before noun ] ( of food ) cut or crushed into very small pieces or powder :

ground coffee

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun and verb Old English grund , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch grond and German Grund .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.