Meaning of LOAD in English

LOAD

/ ləʊd; NAmE loʊd/ noun , verb

■ noun

STH CARRIED

1.

[ C ] something that is being carried (usually in large amounts) by a person, vehicle, etc.

SYN cargo :

The trucks waited at the warehouse to pick up their loads.

The women came down the hill with their loads of firewood.

These backpacks are designed to carry a heavy load .

A lorry shed its load (= accidentally dropped its load) on the motorway.

2.

[ C ] (often in compounds) the total amount of sth that sth can carry or contain :

a busload of tourists

They ordered three truckloads of sand.

He put half a load of washing in the machine.

The plane took off with a full load .

WEIGHT

3.

[ C , usually sing. ] the amount of weight that is pressing down on sth :

a load-bearing wall

Modern backpacks spread the load over a wider area.

LARGE AMOUNT

4.

[ sing. ] ( BrE also loads [ pl. ]) load (of sth) ( informal ) a large number or amount of sb/sth; plenty :

She's got loads of friends.

There's loads to do today.

He wrote loads and loads of letters to people.

Uncle Jim brought a whole load of presents for the kids.

RUBBISH / NONSENSE

5.

[ sing. ] load of rubbish, garbage, nonsense, etc. ( informal , especially BrE ) used to emphasize that sth is wrong, stupid, bad, etc. :

You're talking a load of rubbish.

WORK

6.

[ C ] an amount of work that a person or machine has to do :

Teaching loads have increased in all types of school.

—see also caseload , workload

RESPONSIBILITY / WORRY

7.

[ C , usually sing. ] a feeling of responsibility or worry that is difficult to deal with

SYN burden :

She thought she would not be able to bear the load of bringing up her family alone.

Knowing that they had arrived safely took a load off my mind .

ELECTRICAL POWER

8.

[ C ] the amount of electrical power that is being supplied at a particular time

IDIOMS

- get a load of sb/sth

■ verb

GIVE / RECEIVE LOAD

1.

load (up) | load (up with sth) | load (up) (with sth) | load sth/sb (into / onto sth) to put a large quantity of things or people onto or into sth :

[ vn ]

We loaded the car in ten minutes.

Can you help me load the dishwasher?

Men were loading up a truck with timber.

Sacks were being loaded onto the truck.

[ v ]

We finished loading and set off.

OPP unload

2.

[ v ] to receive a load :

The ship was still loading.

OPP unload

3.

[ vn ] to give sb a lot of things, especially things they have to carry :

They loaded her with gifts.

GUN / CAMERA

4.

load sth (into sth) | load sth (with sth) to put sth into a weapon, camera or other piece of equipment so that it can be used :

[ vn ]

She loaded film into the camera.

She loaded the camera with film.

Is the gun loaded?

[also v ]

OPP unload

COMPUTING

5.

to put data or a program into the memory of a computer :

[ vn ]

Have you loaded the software?

[ v ]

Wait for the game to load.

—compare download

IDIOMS

- load the dice (against sb)

PHRASAL VERBS

- load sb/sth down (with sth)

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English lād way, journey, conveyance , of Germanic origin: related to German Leite , also to lead (I); compare with lode . The verb dates from the late 15th cent.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.