Meaning of LOAD in English

LOAD

I. ˈlōd noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English lod, lood act of loading, load (influenced in meaning by laden to load), from Old English lād course, way, journey, carrying, support — more at lade , lode

1. : an item or collection of things, material, animals, or passengers carried:

a. : whatever is put on a man or pack animal to be carried : pack

the supply men hiked their loads up on their shoulders — Burgess Scott

b. : whatever is put in a ship or vehicle or airplane for conveyance : a collection of freight or passengers : cargo

one more stop before he finished delivering his load

specifically : a quantity of material assembled or packed as a shipping unit sometimes with a specified character or arrangement

each load of 50 disks is packaged in a … glass vial — Modern Packaging

a car with a transverse load

c.

(1) : the quantity that can be or customarily is carried at one time by an often specified means of conveyance

a dump truck with a full load of sand

specifically : a measured quantity of a commodity fixed for each type of carrier

a load of plain tiles is 1000 — Gregory's Handbook for Australian Builders

— often used in combination

a boat load of tourists

an arm load of bundles

arrived by the jeep load

(2) Midland : an armful especially of firewood

d. : the mineral matter transported by a stream as visible sediment or in solution

2.

a. : a mass or weight supported by something

a roof sagging under its load of snow

branches bent low by their load of fruit

b. : the forces to which a structure is subjected because of weights carried on the supports or the overturning moments to which a structure is subjected by wind pressure on the vertical surfaces

the external forces, or loads, to which a roof truss is subjected consist of the weights of materials of construction, snow, ice, and wind pressure together with the reactions developed at the supports as a result of these loads — F.E.Kidder & Harry Parker

the most accurate way of determining the full load on each tire is to weigh each axle of a fully loaded truck — Armstrong Tires Data Book

— see dead load , live load

c. : the amount of stress put on something

the load on a glued joint

this normal instinctive fear which adds its load to the burden of the nervous system — H.G.Armstrong

3. : something borne or conveyed in a manner suggesting a material load: as

a. : something that weighs down the mind or spirits

a load of care

took a great load off his mind

b. : a burdensome or laborious responsibility

carry his share of the load in a democratic society — Bulletin of Bates College

his heavy load of day-to-day work — New York Times

c. : the content of thought or feeling carried (as by a piece of writing)

a work which has acquired an enormous load of sentimental values — Hunter Mead

4. slang : an intoxicating amount of liquor drunk : a state of intoxication

he'd come in with a small load on, but he was never really high — Roderick Lull

5. : a large quantity : lot — usually used in plural

a singing comedienne with … loads of energy — New Yorker

6.

a. : a charge or cartridge for a firearm:

(1) : a charge of powder

(2) : a charge of shot in a shotshell

(3) : a fully loaded cartridge

b. : the quantity of material loaded into a device or machine at one time

a washer that takes a 10 pound load

put three loads through the dryer

7. : external resistance overcome by a machine or prime mover

at all loads less than full capacity, the turbine operates at better efficiency with individual nozzle control — B.G.A.Skrotzki & W.A.Vopat

8.

a. : power output (as of an engine, motor, power plant, or source of electric current) or power consumed (as by a device or circuit)

b. : a device or group of devices to which power is delivered

9. : something (as a railway freight car) that contains a load

a train of thirty empties and ten loads — Elton Brown

: one that is loaded

10.

a.

(1) : the amount of work that a person carries or is expected to carry

workers … willing to adapt to work loads set by time study methods — J.A.Morris b. 1918

counseling duties in addition to normal teaching loads — Bates Boyle

patient load of physicians in private practice

the case load of social workers

a regular student with an academic load of 12 semester hours

(2) : the amount of authorized work to be performed by a machine, a group, a department, or a factory

b. : the demand upon the operating resources of a system (as a telephone exchange, postal system, or railroad)

the load in a refrigeration system is the name applied to the quantity of heat that must be removed per unit of time — B.H.Jennings

: the number or quantity (as of persons, vehicles) accommodated (as by an institution, transportation system) at one time

the population load on the land — Russell Lord

care for the potential load of senile mental cases — Psychological Abstracts

traffic reaching its peak load during rush hours

11. slang : a full view : eyeful ; also : earful — used in the phrase get a load of

get a load of this new convertible — Bennett Cerf

12. : burden 10

the worm load in rats

13. : an amount added to the selling price of an article, service, or security to represent selling or delivery expense and profit of the distributor — called also loading

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English loden, from lod, lood, n.

transitive verb

1.

a. : to put a load in or on (a means of conveyance) : to fill with material, animals, or passengers to be transported

had loaded the moving van by noon

load the plane with cargo

steamboats loaded down with goods and passengers — American Guide Series: Minnesota

b. : to place in or on a means of conveyance : pack or stow as a load

load the freight into the car

loads his family into the car for a ride

2.

a. : to encumber or oppress with something heavy, laborious or disheartening : weigh down : burden — often used with with

a railway president … would not load himself with departmental minutiae — W.J.Cunningham

a business that was loaded down with debts

load human life with frustration and grief — David Cort

b. : to place as a burden or obligation : saddle — often used with on

load more work on him

c. : gum IV vt 4

d. : to play a card (as in the game of hearts) that will increase the count against (an opponent who takes the trick)

3.

a. : to place or be a material weight or physical stress on

grapes load down the vines

load the springs to the limit

b. : to increase the weight of by adding something heavy

the stockwhip was … loaded with shot at the butt — H.L.Davis

c. : to add a conditioning substance especially a mineral salt to (something) for body or some other property: as

(1) : to add filler to (paper) : fill

(2) of textiles : weight 1c

silk which has been loaded with … metallic salts — Irish Digest

d. : to weight (dice) to fall unfairly

e. : to pack with one-sided or prejudicial influences or assumptions or numbers : give a determining slant or proportion to : bias

the system was heavily loaded in favor of royalty, aristocracy, and priesthood — A.L.Kroeber

the situation is a little loaded against the male of the species — John Gould

so loaded his questions that a witness had to answer as desired or appear unpatriotic

the jury comes in loaded to soak an anarchist — Maxwell Anderson

f. : to weight (as a test or experimental situation) with factors influencing validity or outcome

g. : to charge with emotional associations or significance

the sentiment that loads such words as mother

4.

a. : to supply in abundance or excess

a prewar custom of loading visitors with gadgets — DeWitt Morrill

an uncle … who, like all pawnbrokers, was loaded with trumpets — E.J.Kahn

their questions were loaded with insinuation — Jean Stafford

: heap

an enameled plate that was loaded high with potatoes — Liam O'Flaherty

: pack

clearly written and loaded with pictures and diagrams — Dun's Review

load up on them while the price is low

b.

(1) : to apply (as a pigment) heavily

the loaded streaks of orange and cinnabar — F.J.Mather

(2) : to color (a painting) thickly

(3) : to make (as a color) opaque by mixing in white

c. : to put runners on (first, second, and third bases) in baseball

the pitcher loaded the bases by walking three batters

d. : to fill (a person) with fanciful information

the pilot warmed to his opportunity, and proceeded to load me up in the good old-fashioned way — Mark Twain

5.

a. : to put a load in (a device or piece of equipment) : supply with the material to be used or processed

load his corncob pipe

load , unload, and reload the washer by hand

as

(1) : to place a charge or cartridge in (the chamber of a firearm) : assemble the components of (a cartridge)

(2) : to transfer (germinated grain) from the working floor to dry in a kiln

(3) : to insert photographic film in (as a holder or magazine) : place a holder or magazine in (as a camera or machine)

b. : to place or insert as a load in a device, machine, or container

load the cloth into a dye vat

6.

a. : to increase the resistance in the working of

load a windmill for a 15-mile wind — F.E.Kidder & Harry Parker

b.

(1) : to change (as by introducing a loading coil) the resonance frequency or wavelength of (a radio transmitter)

(2) : to introduce (loading coils) or distribute (induction) along an electrical conductor

(3) : to add a power-absorbing device (as a resistance or antenna) to (a telephone line) in order to reduce attenuation and distortion

(4) : to add (as a circuit element or antenna) to a circuit to absorb power

7. : to change (as an alcoholic drink) by adding an adulterant or drug

8.

a. : to add loading to (an insurance premium)

b. : to add a sum to (as the selling price of a book or security) after profits and expenses are accounted for

loaded prices

waiters can load checks more deftly than any of their colleagues on the European Continent — T.H.Fielding

intransitive verb

1. : to receive a load : take on cargo or passengers

trucks were loading with mail at the platform in back

stopped behind a school bus that was loading

2. : gum IV vi 2

3. : to put a load on or in a carrier, device, machine, or container ; specifically : to insert the charge or cartridge in the chamber of a firearm

4. : to go or go in as a load : make one's way as a passenger

the nurses were called … to load into the boat — Lonnie Coleman

: be suitable for loading a carrier, device, or machine

razor blades that load without handling

Synonyms: see burden

- load the dice

III.

variant of lode

IV. noun

: genetic load herein

V. transitive verb

: to copy (as a program or data) especially from an external storage device (as a disk drive) into a computer's memory

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.