Meaning of FOUNDATION in English



Nongovernmental, nonprofit organization with assets provided by donors and managed by its own officials and with income expended for socially useful purposes.

Foundations can be traced back to ancient Greece. The late 19th century first saw the establishment of large foundations with broad purposes and great freedom of action, usually originating in the fortunes of wealthy industrialists. Today foundations are classified as community (having support from many donors and located in a specific community), corporation-sponsored, and independent. Notable examples include the Smithsonian Institution (1846), the Carnegie Corp. of New York (1911), the Rockefeller Foundation (1913), and the Ford Foundation (1936), one of the largest in the world. Nongovernmental organizations are known colloquially as "NGOs."

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.