Meaning of FOUNDATION in English


— foundational , adj. — foundationally , adv. — foundationary , adj.

/fown day"sheuhn/ , n.

1. the basis or groundwork of anything: the moral foundation of both society and religion.

2. the natural or prepared ground or base on which some structure rests.

3. the lowest division of a building, wall, or the like, usually of masonry and partly or wholly below the surface of the ground.

4. the act of founding, setting up, establishing, etc.: a policy in effect since the foundation.

5. the state of being founded.

6. an institution financed by a donation or legacy to aid research, education, the arts, etc.: the Ford Foundation.

7. an endowment for such an institution.

8. a cosmetic, as a cream or liquid, used as a base for facial makeup.

9. See foundation garment .

10. Solitaire. a card of given denomination on which other cards are to be added according to denomination or suit.

[ 1350-1400; ME foundacioun fundation- (s. of fundatio ), equiv. to fundat ( us ) (ptp. of fundare; see FOUND 2 ) + -ion- -ION ]

Syn. 2. See base 1 . 2, 3. footing. 4, 5 . establishment, settlement.

Ant. 2, 3. superstructure.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .