Meaning of LANGUAGE in English


System of conventional spoken or written symbols used by people in a shared culture to communicate with each other.

A language both reflects and affects a culture's way of thinking, and changes in a culture influence the development of its language. Related languages become more differentiated when their speakers are isolated from each other. When speech communities come into contact (e.g., through trade or conquest), their languages influence each other. Most existing languages are grouped with other languages descended "genetically" from a common ancestral language (see historical linguistics ). The broadest grouping of languages is the language family. For example, all the Romance languages are derived from Latin, which in turn belongs to the Italic branch of the Sino-Tibetan , Austronesian , Dravidian , Altaic , and Austroasiatic ; in Africa, Niger-Congo , Afro-Asiatic , and Nilo-Saharan ; and in the Americas, Uto-Aztecan , Maya , Otomanguean , and Tupian . Relationships between languages are traced by comparing grammar and syntax and especially by looking for cognates (related words) in different languages. Language has a complex structure that can be analyzed and systematically presented (see linguistics ). All languages begin as speech , and many go on to develop writing systems. All can employ different sentence structures to convey mood . They use their resources differently for this but seem to be equally flexible structurally. The principal resources are word order, word form, syntactic structure, and, in speech, intonation . Different languages keep indicators of number, person, gender , tense , mood, and other categories separate from the root word or attach them to it. The innate human capacity to learn language fades with age, and languages learned after about age 10 are usually not spoken as well as those learned earlier. See also dialect .


[c mediumvioletred] (as used in expressions)

Common Business Oriented Language.

HyperText Markup Language

Practical Extraction and Reporting Language.

Standard Generalized Markup Language

Structured Query Language.

Extensible Markup Language.

Afrikaans language

Akkadian language

Assyro Babylonian language

Albanian language

Amharic language

Arabic language

Aramaic language

Armenian language

assembly language

Avestan language

Basque language

Belarusian language

Belarusan language

Bengali language

Breton language

Bulgarian language

Catalan language

Circassian language

Czech language

Bohemian language

Danish language

Dutch language

Egyptian language

English language

Etruscan language

Finnish language

fourth generation language

French language

Frisian language

Georgian language

German language

Gothic language

Greek language

Hausa language

Hebrew language

Hindi language

Hungarian language

Icelandic language

Irish language

Gaelic language

Italian language

Japanese language

Kannada language

Kanarese language

Khmer language

Cambodian language

Korean language

Ladino language

Sephardic language

language philosophy of

Latin language

Latvian language

Lettish language

Lithuanian language

machine language

Malay language

Malayalam language

Maltese language

markup language

Nahuatl language

Norwegian language

Occitan language

Provençal language

Old Church Slavonic language

Old Church Slavic language

Old Norse language

Oscan language

Pali language

Persian language

Farsi language

Polish language

Portuguese language

programming language

Punjabi language

Panjabi language

Romanian language

Romany language

Russian language

Sanskrit language

Sardinian language

Scottish Gaelic language

Serbo Croatian language

sign language

Slovak language

Slovene language

Slovenian language

Spanish language

Swahili language

Swedish language

Tagalog language

Tamil language

Tatar language

Volga Tatar language

Telugu language

Tibetan language

Turkish language

Ukrainian language

Ruthenian language

Umbrian language

Urdu language

Vietnamese language

Welsh language

Yiddish language

Adamawa Ubangi languages

Adamawa Eastern languages

African languages

Afro Asiatic languages

Hamito Semitic languages

Algonquian languages

Algonkian languages

Altaic languages

American Indian languages

Anatolian languages

Arawakan languages

Maipuran languages

Athabaskan languages

Athapaskan languages

Atlantic languages

West Atlantic languages

Australian Aboriginal languages

Austroasiatic languages

Austronesian languages

Malayo Polynesian languages

Baltic languages

Bantu languages

Benue Congo languages

Cariban languages

Caucasian languages

Celtic languages

Chinese languages

Sinitic languages

Dravidian languages

Eskimo Aleut languages

Ethiopic languages

Finno Ugric languages

Germanic languages

Gur languages

Voltaic languages

Hmong Mien languages

Miao Yao languages

Hokan languages

Ijoid languages

Indo Aryan languages

Indic languages

Indo European languages

Iranian languages

Iroquoian languages

Italic languages

Khoisan languages

Kordofanian languages

Kru languages

Kwa languages

Manchu Tungus languages

Tungusic languages

Mande languages

Maya languages

Mayan languages

Mon Khmer languages

Mongolian languages

Munda languages

Muskogean languages

Niger Congo languages

Nilo Saharan languages

Otomanguean languages

Paleo Siberian languages

Paleo Asiatic languages

Papuan languages

Penutian languages

Quechuan languages

Romance languages

Salishan languages

Semitic languages

Sino Tibetan languages

Siouan languages

Slavic languages

Slavonic languages

Tai languages

Tocharian languages

Tokharian languages

Tupian languages

Turkic languages

Uralic languages

{{link=Uto Aztecan languages">Uto Aztecan languages

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.