Meaning of MEANS in English
transcription, транскрипция: [ mi:nz ]
Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.
A means of doing something is a method, instrument, or process which can be used to do it. Means is both the singular and the plural form for this use.
The move is a means to fight crime...
The army had perfected the use of terror as a means of controlling the population...
Business managers are focused on increasing their personal wealth by any available means.
N-COUNT : with supp
You can refer to the money that someone has as their means . ( FORMAL )
...a person of means...
He did not have the means to compensate her.
If someone is living beyond their means , they are spending more money than they can afford. If someone is living within their means , they are not spending more money than they can afford.
The more gifts she received, the more she craved, until he was living beyond his means...
PHRASE : v PHR , v-link PHR
If you do something by means of a particular method, instrument, or process, you do it using that method, instrument, or process.
This is a two year course taught by means of lectures and seminars...
You can say ‘ by all means ’ to tell someone that you are very willing to allow them to do something.
‘Can I come and have a look at your house?’—‘Yes by all means’.
CONVENTION [ formulae ]
You use expressions such as ‘ by no means ’, ‘ not by any means ’, and ‘ by no manner of means ’ to emphasize that something is not true.
This is by no means out of the ordinary...
They were not finished, however, not by any means.
PHRASE : PHR with cl / group , PHR before v [ emphasis ]
If you say that something is a means to an end , you mean that it helps you to achieve what you want, although it may not be enjoyable or important itself.
We seem to have lost sight of the fact that marketing is only a means to an end.
PHRASE : usu v-link PHR
Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary. Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне. 2006