Meaning of SCALE in English

transcription, транскрипция: [ skeɪl ]

( scales, scaling, scaled)

Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English.


If you refer to the scale of something, you are referring to its size or extent, especially when it is very big.

However, he underestimates the scale of the problem...

The break-down of law and order could result in killing on a massive scale...

N-SING : also no det , with supp

see also full-scale , large-scale , small-scale


A scale is a set of levels or numbers which are used in a particular system of measuring things or are used when comparing things. earthquake measuring five-point-five on the Richter scale...

The higher up the social scale they are, the more the men have to lose.

N-COUNT : usu with supp

see also sliding scale , timescale


A pay scale or scale of fees is a list that shows how much someone should be paid, depending, for example, on their age or what work they do. ( BRIT )

...those on the high end of the pay scale...

N-COUNT : usu with supp


The scale of a map, plan, or model is the relationship between the size of something in the map, plan, or model and its size in the real world.

The map, on a scale of 1:10,000, shows over 5,000 individual paths.

N-COUNT : usu with supp

see also full-scale , large-scale


A scale model or scale replica of a building or object is a model of it which is smaller than the real thing but has all the same parts and features.

Franklin made his mother an intricately detailed scale model of the house.



In music, a scale is a fixed sequence of musical notes, each one higher than the next, which begins at a particular note.

...the scale of C major.



The scales of a fish or reptile are the small, flat pieces of hard skin that cover its body.

N-COUNT : usu pl


Scales are a piece of equipment used for weighing things, for example for weighing amounts of food that you need in order to make a particular meal.

...a pair of kitchen scales.

...bathroom scales...

N-PLURAL : also a pair of N


If you scale something such as a mountain or a wall, you climb up it or over it. ( WRITTEN )

...Rebecca Stephens, the first British woman to scale Everest...

= climb

VERB : V n


If something is out of scale with the things near it, it is too big or too small in relation to them.

The tower was surmounted by an enormous statue, utterly out of scale with the building.

PHRASE : usu v-link PHR , oft PHR with n


If the different parts of a map, drawing, or model are to scale , they are the right size in relation to each other.

...a miniature garden, with little pagodas and bridges all to scale.

PHRASE : v-link PHR , PHR after v

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.