Meaning of SCALE in English

SCALE

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a scale drawing (= showing the correct relative sizes of things )

The architect made a scale drawing of the new room.

an earthquake measures 5/6.4 etc on the Richter Scale

The earthquake, which measured 7.6 on the Richter scale, left more than 20,000 homeless.

at the opposite end of the scale/spectrum

two parties at opposite ends of the political spectrum

diatonic scale

huge scale

the huge scale of the problem

lavish scale

a royal palace on a lavish scale

measuring...on the Richter scale

a severe earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale

on an unprecedented scale

Crime has increased on an unprecedented scale.

Richter scale

a severe earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale

sliding scale

Fees are calculated on a sliding scale.

the salary scale/structure (= the list of increasing salaries that someone in a job can earn )

He is almost at the top of his salary scale.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

different

The different scales of manufacture can give products which behave differently on stability tests.

Different states and different scales create vastly different effects across the ecological spectrum.

It may be the case that adjacent maps use different projections or scales .

These factors clearly operate at different scales .

Originally, a long, long time ago, they used a completely different melodic scale to ours.

By setting them to different scales harmonic progressions which would be unplayable on a single harp are made possible.

The movies had broken through to a vast new public and everything was on a different scale .

Political interventions can also work according to different time scales .

full

The arena was almost full and it had all the makings of a full scale rumble.

A full scale riot was building.

The full scale of destruction remains unclear.

But I wasn't into heroin on a full scale for a few years after that.

The Dukes halted the full scale destruction of the Forest, although only fragments remain today.

It is the first-ever full scale play to be presented in the 140 year history of St George's Hall.

Gold was found there and a full scale conservation row broke out as mining exploration started.

A full scale sample, to be representative, may mean carrying out many interviews over a geographically dispersed area.

global

Applied on the present global scale , it is downright dangerous.

The new model is global in scale , an interdependent network.

The global rating scale was used as described by Jaeschke.

Expectations regarding the outcome of treatment were also measured. Global rating scales were used to determine outcome expectations.

They are doomed by exploitative capital operating on a global scale .

We are entering an era of distance and diversity on a global scale .

Chemically based methods of attending to disease and their toxic effects will soon be replaced by electro-magnetic therapy on a global scale .

Major companies must operate on a global scale . 2.

grand

This is woodworking on a grand scale .

Beyond this potential for human suffering, the global ignorance of longitude wreaked economic havoc on the grandest scale .

What is more, there is duplication of activity on a grand scale .

Not everything is on such a grand scale .

This is a portrayal of malevolence on a grand scale .

So that was it-an extended press conference on the grand scale !

They were good natured and got things done without a fuss, usually on a grand scale .

In this part of the book we shall consider mysteries on the grand scale - and also on the inconceivably tiny.

huge

I think the huge scale massacre of pheasants is revolting.

Other artists have created even more literal images, on a huge scale .

As recent work indicated. it too was redeveloped within its older Roman walls on a huge scale in late Saxon times.

Theirs are played out on a huge scale .

Natural or inevitable monopolies such as electricity generation enjoy huge economies of scale .

Hirst admits that there is much difficulty ahead: ... our ignorance on a huge scale re-asserts itself.

Former heathland too was broken up into fields on a huge scale , as Professor Hoskins rightly stresses.

international

Trade, output, and employment suffered as a consequence on an international scale .

In their interplay, the two developments tended to reinforce each other on an international scale .

The point that capitalist planning is increasingly conducted on an international scale poses problems for the socialist project.

It is instructive at this point to return to the issue of national versus international economies of scale .

These often worked on an international scale , and the results showed in their products.

They can only be overcome by action on an international scale , rather than by castigating one or two countries.

On an international scale Louth sits right on the line dividing the Eastern hemisphere from the Western.

Some sites are so important that it may be necessary for a rescue operation on an international scale .

large

They are labour intensive, however, and complex to perform on a large scale , for example, in clinical regimens.

But what works on a small scale can be a disaster on a large scale.

This fish has a long, flattened body covered in large , iridescent scales that reflect the light beautifully.

AID-funded program that provides scholarships to girls in the Sharasti Upazila area has demonstrated the same point on a vastly larger scale .

In some cultural sectors these economic interests are measured on a very large scale .

We exploited the economics of small scale and laid to rest the diseconomies of large scale.

Gifts in kind on a larger scale by local shops or firms also exist on a large scale.

But we have just seen that under current assumptions larger scale and diversity are associated with larger industry gross output.

massive

To give body to the reforms new building was needed on a massive scale .

It was the first time women used e-mail on such a massive scale to network and to influence the foreign policy community.

There was also evidence of vote-buying on a massive scale .

The assumption here seems to be that responsiveness is higher when government does not become too massive in scale . 2.

We pollute our globe on an increasingly massive scale because something has died in us.

But the Oregon story also illustrates some of the difficulties that will accompany legislative changes on such a massive scale .

These were fakes on a massive scale .

And who are these guys to second-guess the Founding Fathers on such a massive scale ?

national

If that was done on a national scale we would wipe out this disease.

There is no registry for providing data on a national scale .

The aim is to provide a comprehensive range of services and expertise on a national scale to the business community in particular.

No program in existence on a national or statewide scale has ever dared to speak in terms like these.

Note that there is no longer a fixed national scale figure.

To attempt to forecast the effects of changing regulations on a national scale is very difficult.

Similar variations are evident on a national scale .

The drama of social life, even on a national scale , in some sense is a social laboratory.

sheer

It was not until daylight broke that the sheer scale of the devastation could be seen.

Anyone wishing to tackle crime rates must pay enormous attention to youth crime because of its sheer scale .

Its sheer scale means that it is important at this stage not to be distracted by companies making misleading ethical claims.

The sheer scale of the service sector has made it the focus for attack by the proponents of the de-industrialisation thesis.

Sometimes the sheer scale of the horror may demand action.

A bigger one is sheer scale .

This, and the sheer scale of the parks, is what strikes the first-time visitor.

But the sheer scale of corruption could well bring them on to the streets again.

sliding

The rest of the kitty will be divided among the other 21 clubs on a sliding scale in units of £35,000.

The fee is on a sliding scale according to value, and nobody who appraises for us is paid for it.

So it was that the trade emulated this sliding scale system for the populace at large.

There was a sliding scale in between.

Fees will be on a sliding scale , and there will be a creche available.

The cancellation fee is usually expressed as a percentage of the contract price, and varies on a sliding scale .

The blow would be softened slightly for those affected by substantial compensation on a pro-rata and sliding scale basis.

small

Teacher education is a smaller scale enterprise than it was at the time of the events I have recorded.

We exploited the economics of small scale and laid to rest the diseconomies of large scale.

As mentioned previously, in its unusual level of incomers west Thurso resembles a new town, albeit on a smaller scale .

Making deals happen, at least on a smaller scale , is what Gosman has been doing since September 1994.

But the size of the buildings suggests that uranium enrichment at Dimona is carried out on a relatively small scale .

Chain had overcome the problems which had defeated every previous experimenter with penicillin, but only on a small scale .

There is one small pointed tentacle scale on each pore.

The method of attribution by provenance works best with coinages of a small scale or a low value, such as bronze coinage.

social

Many after all had served in households not much better than their own, for servant-keeping reached well down the social scale .

Teaching did provide an opportunity for young people to move up the social scale .

Even the way he looked at them was enough to assure her that they were way down on the social scale .

Luckily for us scramblers, there is a group even further down the mountain social scale .

It is now necessary to consider how far down the social scale these party tensions permeated.

He had no grave goods and that marked him pretty low both on the social scale and with the archaeologists.

Discontent lower down the social scale was no less intense.

Right across the social scale , religion made little perceptible difference to the outward shape of life.

unprecedented

In order to ingratiate himself with the populace, he rebuilt the Temple of Jerusalem on a hitherto unprecedented scale .

And I knew it was a diversity facing pressures of unprecedented scale .

Planning such experiences will involve library instructional coordination on an unprecedented scale .

Why has the Supreme Court set itself against the will of the majority on such an unprecedented scale ?

Boldly going where no man has gone before has brought Brittain success on an unprecedented scale .

Yes, we are predators; we are consumers on an unprecedented scale in history.

The truth is that the great economic boom provided employment - at home and for emigrants abroad-on a quite unprecedented scale .

■ NOUN

economy

In the absence of scale economy benefits, horizontal mergers are likely to be socially undesirable.

The characteristics of electronics production and marketing seem to demand companies which can combine scale economies with quick-footed innovation.

Perfect contestability, remember, assumes that any scale economies arise through fixed rather than sunk costs.

Suppose upstream scale economies are extensive.

But Weitzman claims that scale economies can not arise purely through fixed costs; that these costs must be sunk.

The argument that fixed costs are incompatible with scale economies is as follows.

But the relative strength of scale economies and political protectionism varies greatly between different communications fields.

One reason is that there may be efficiency gains from merger, e.g. due to scale economies .

model

This was approximately one fifth full size, but was a working mock-up rather than a true scale model .

And yet, that lifetime was a kind of scale model for what followed.

Seven of their 1:20 scale models have been chosen for exhibition and two have been combined to provide the full-scale installation.

A section on the skyscraper with amazing scale models shows the growth and diversity in this monumental building style.

A method of reconstruction which incorporates some of the advantages of both physical reconstruction and reconstruction drawings is the scale model .

The show features original architectural drawings, photos, scale models and videos.

It is a one-fifth scale model of Endeavour, built using traditional methods, but also allowing for modern safety requirements.

A fab yellow scale model of a woman playing a guitar!

pay

Recite my entire career history complete with qualifications, pay scale , dates of promotions and dossier of official merit-ratings and reprimands?

Especially at its lower end of the pay scale , the job world does not reward people adequately.

Similarly, we might consider whether educational qualifications or length of service are not also components of pay scales in Western companies.

Others are bumping up pay scales to stop staff being poached and to attract crews.

Structures have been used to implement pay scales rather than principles of organisational design.

One approach to tackling this issue would be to encourage firms to promulgate, promote and publish pay scales and pay decisions.

They are also paying top officials 10% over the normal pay scales .

Aurigny's pay scales have traditionally been below the industry average.

time

Why was it so important to get Steiner back and in the time scale indicated?

Geologists have to time Earth processes that lie in a great range of time periods, or time scales .

Systems should by now have been analysed to ensure that the correct information is provided, and within the time scales allowed.

On a geologic time scale of millions to hundreds of millions of years, Earth is far less stable.

Before very long on a planetary time scale the surface temperatures would reach Cytherean values.

Furthermore, ocean-floor rocks are recycled on time scales of tens of millions of years.

However, this does not persist over a long time scale and is often not to be observed at all.

Equally important in the value of time scales is the help they give us in figuring out how something happened.

world

Finally, it ushered in a period of an increasing interlocking of economies on a world scale dominated by a capitalist centre.

One of the clearest indications of the trend of modern capitalism has been the erosion of bourgeois democracy on a world scale .

Neoliberalism has been disgraced on a world scale and the haute bourgeoisie has lost some of its confidence.

In a chain reaction on a world scale , prices on innumerable commodities skyrocketed within weeks.

Do you have sufficient enterprises which are competitive on a world scale to boost your exports in this way?

The organization it seeks to build is a definite means to a definite end-the victory of the proletariat on a world scale .

Have we become blind to connections in work and labour conditions on a world scale ?

They launched the Third International in 1919 to promote this task on a world scale .

■ VERB

measure

Certainly textiles were produced on a widespread basis, although it is impossible to measure the scale of manufacture.

Too sporadic to measure on the feh scale .

Probability is measured on a scale from 0 to 1.

There is no opinion poll mechanism for measuring the scale of social unrest.

Their responses showed little indication of an overwhelming conservatism, as measured by this scale .

tip

Thus can a minuscule particle tip the scales one way or another.

Second, the Constitution tips the scales in favor of the individual over the state in highly personal matters.

Tall and stately, fairly bursting from her corset, she sometimes tipped the scales at over 200 pounds.

Mr Bates thinks the disappearance of November's protest vote could tip the scales his way.

This guy tips the scale at 400 pounds.

For geophysicists in general, it is yet another chunk of evidence tipping the scales toward an integrated view of the earth.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

economies of scale

Analogously, large loans attract a lower interest rate than small loans because of the administrative economies of scale.

Each has been trying to outbid the rest in an attempt to gain market share and so exploit economies of scale.

However, just to confuse matters, economies of scale plus economies of scope do not imply subadditivity.

The benefits of reaping economies of scale depend upon how far costs fall as output levels are increased.

There are a number of qualifications to this prediction, apart from the possibility of economies of scale discussed above.

This is not to say that mass markets have disintegrated or that economies of scale are irrelevant to competitive performance.

World trade, then, allows what economists call economies of scale.

Yet it is clear that transport costs can have important consequences in the presence of economies of scale.

on a heroic scale/of heroic proportions

the Richter scale

the diatonic scale

tip the balance/scales

Your support tipped the balance in our favor.

I went to see Hoppy for a checkup and I tip the scales at exactly eighty-six pounds.

Mr Bates thinks the disappearance of November's protest vote could tip the scales his way.

Perhaps remorse at having joined it had tipped the balance of Fred's mind.

Second, the Constitution tips the scales in favor of the individual over the state in highly personal matters.

Tall and stately, fairly bursting from her corset, she sometimes tipped the scales at over 200 pounds.

They viewed the Soviet moves as an effort to tip the scales against the West.

Thus can a minuscule particle tip the scales one way or another.

tip the scales at sth

At today's weigh-in, he tipped the scales at just over 15 stone.

I went to see Hoppy for a checkup and I tip the scales at exactly eighty-six pounds.

Reports claimed that the elfin figured star's weight plunged terrifyingly until she tipped the scales at a mere five stones.

Sid Kelly, who minds the net for table-topping Eccleshall, is believed to tip the scales at around 20 stones.

Tall and stately, fairly bursting from her corset, she sometimes tipped the scales at over 200 pounds.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

At the upper end of the scale is the Parker School, with tuition of over $9,000 a year.

Greg stood on the bathroom scale and looked in the mirror.

Hurricanes are graded on a scale from one to five, with five the strongest.

On a scale of one to ten, ten being best, his new movie is a two.

Rescue workers are trying to assess the scale of the disaster.

Scientists are only just beginning to realize the scale of the problem.

the scale on a thermometer

the F major scale

The map was drawn to a scale of one inch to the mile.

The researchers devised a scale to measure people's attitudes toward certain types of behavior.

The salary scale goes from $60,000 to $175,000.

We were not expecting a public response on such a scale .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

At the other end of the scale , good advice in these shops is sometimes very expensive.

Economies of scale and the use of computers were expected to reduce administrative costs.

How might we apply the lesson that these organizers learned on the much greater scale of an entire nation?

In order to ingratiate himself with the populace, he rebuilt the Temple of Jerusalem on a hitherto unprecedented scale .

Seven of their 1:20 scale models have been chosen for exhibition and two have been combined to provide the full-scale installation.

The association between echographic measurement and visual scales is a simple method of evaluating the relationship between the stomach and appetite.

There is one large pointed slightly rugose tentacle scale on each pore.

This guy tips the scale at 400 pounds.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

height

In his etchings too, Squirrell can scale the heights .

It's a great guitar that deserves to scale considerable heights .

The writers have a long way to go to scale these Olympian heights of absurdity, but they're trying.

wall

At Perth in January 1313 Bruce himself was second to scale the castle wall after wading neck-high through icy cold water.

Gradually, the angle of the pole against the wall is reduced until the student can scale the wall without the pole.

Through her tears she saw Garry scaling the wall as he made a run for it.

But she had turned away from her high window and demanded he scale the ivory walls without her help.

One of the boys, Reuben N., had scaled a wall and run away from the workhouse.

Instead of scaling walls or risking being run over by trains, fans are now paying tourists.

He could hear it scaling the walls in fury, screaming over the roof.

Windlass in hand, he clambered up the ladder that scaled the slimy wall .

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

economies of scale

Analogously, large loans attract a lower interest rate than small loans because of the administrative economies of scale.

Each has been trying to outbid the rest in an attempt to gain market share and so exploit economies of scale.

However, just to confuse matters, economies of scale plus economies of scope do not imply subadditivity.

The benefits of reaping economies of scale depend upon how far costs fall as output levels are increased.

There are a number of qualifications to this prediction, apart from the possibility of economies of scale discussed above.

This is not to say that mass markets have disintegrated or that economies of scale are irrelevant to competitive performance.

World trade, then, allows what economists call economies of scale.

Yet it is clear that transport costs can have important consequences in the presence of economies of scale.

on a heroic scale/of heroic proportions

the Richter scale

the diatonic scale

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Corbett has scaled El Capitan in Yosemite a record 46 times.

Somehow the men had scaled the twenty foot wall without setting off the alarm.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Chapters 9 and 10 deal with issues directly linked to scaling laws in chemistry and analytical devices.

Marsalis scales the stratospheric extreme of the piccolo trumpet without a single bobble.

Paramount released 14 films in 1995 and some reports say Redstone has asked that number be scaled back.

Sainty, like many others, had scaled down this year, leaving the million dollar plus pictures at home.

Some banks try to scale their prices down for small-business customers to entice them to use electronic services.

The output reading obtained with the enlarged input is then correspondingly scaled down.

Underneath, I have I copied the graphic into a Draw 98 frame and scaled that instead.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.