Meaning of DUST in English

n. & v.

n. 1 a finely powdered earth, dirt, etc., lying on the ground or on surfaces, and blown about by the wind. b fine powder of any material (pollen dust; gold-dust). c a cloud of dust. 2 a dead person's remains (honoured dust). 3 confusion or turmoil (raised quite a dust). 4 archaic or poet. the mortal human body (we are all dust). 5 the ground; the earth (kissed the dust).

v. 1 tr. (also absol.) clear (furniture etc.) of dust etc. by wiping, brushing, etc. 2 tr. a sprinkle (esp. a cake) with powder, dust, sugar, etc. b sprinkle or strew (sugar, powder, etc.). 3 tr. make dusty. 4 intr. archaic (of a bird) take a dust-bath. dust and ashes something very disappointing. dust-bath a bird's rolling in dust to freshen its feathers. dust bowl an area denuded of vegetation by drought or erosion and reduced to desert. dust cover 1 = dust-sheet. 2 = dust-jacket. dust devil S.Afr. a whirlwind visible as a column of dust. dust down 1 dust the clothes of (a person). 2 colloq. reprimand. 3 = dust off. dusting-powder 1 talcum powder. 2 any dusting or drying powder. dust-jacket a usu. decorated paper cover used to protect a book from dirt etc. dust off 1 remove the dust from (an object on which it has long been allowed to settle). 2 use and enjoy again after a long period of neglect. dust-sheet Brit. a cloth put over furniture to protect it from dust. dust-shot the smallest size of shot. dust-storm a storm with clouds of dust carried in the air. dust-trap something on, in, or under which dust gathers. dust-up colloq. a fight. dust-wrapper = dust-jacket. in the dust 1 humiliated. 2 dead. when the dust settles when things quieten down. dustless adj.

[ OE dust: cf. LG dunst vapour ]

Concise Oxford English dictionary.      Краткий оксфордский словарь английского языка.