Meaning of RELATIVE in English

[ 'rɛlətɪv ]

■ adjective

1》 considered in relation or in proportion to something else: the ~ effectiveness of the mechanisms is not known.

↘existing or possessing a characteristic only in comparison to something else.

2》 Grammar denoting a pronoun, determiner, or adverb that refers to an expressed or implied antecedent and attaches a subordinate clause to it, e.g. which .

↘(of a clause) attached to an antecedent by a ~ word.

3》 Music (of major and minor keys) having the same key signature.

4》 (of a service rank) corresponding in grade to another in a different service.

■ noun

1》 a person connected by blood or marriage.

↘a species related to another by common origin.

2》 Philosophy a term or concept which is dependent on something else.


~ to

1》 compared with or in relation to.

2》 about; concerning.


relatival -'tʌɪv(ə)l adjective

~ly adverb

Concise Oxford English vocab.      Сжатый оксфордский словарь английского языка.