Meaning of RELATIVE in English

I. ˈre-lə-tiv noun

Date: 14th century

1. : a word referring grammatically to an antecedent

2. : a thing having a relation to or connection with or necessary dependence on another thing


a. : a person connected with another by blood or affinity

b. : an animal or plant related to another by common descent

4. : a relative term

II. adjective

Date: 15th century

1. : introducing a subordinate clause qualifying an expressed or implied antecedent

a relative pronoun

also : introduced by such a connective

a relative clause

2. : relevant , pertinent

matters relative to world peace

3. : not absolute or independent : comparative

the relative isolation of life in the country

4. : having the same key signature — used of major and minor keys and scales

5. : expressed as the ratio of the specified quantity (as an error in measuring) to the total magnitude (as the value of a measured quantity) or to the mean of all the quantities involved

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.