Meaning of ROD in English

ROD

■ noun

1》 a thin straight bar, especially of wood or metal.

2》 a fishing ~.

3》 a slender straight stick or shoot growing on or cut from a tree or bush.

↘( the ~ ) the use of a stick for caning or flogging.

4》 historical, chiefly Brit. another term for perch 3 (in sense 1).

↘(also square ~ ) another term for perch 3 (in sense 2).

5》 US informal a pistol or revolver.

6》 Anatomy one of two types of light-sensitive cell present in the retina of the eye, responsible mainly for monochrome vision in poor light. Compare with cone (in sense 3).

Phrases

make a ~ for one's own back do something likely to cause difficulties for oneself later.

rule someone/thing with a ~ of iron control or govern someone or something very harshly.

Derivatives

~less adjective

~let noun

~-like adjective

Origin

OE ~d ; prob. related to ON rudda 'club'.

Concise Oxford English vocab.      Сжатый оксфордский словарь английского языка.