Meaning of BABY in English

BABY

INDEX:

1. a baby

2. a baby animal

3. a baby that is still developing in its mother’s body

4. when a baby is born

5. to have a baby

6. to help with the birth of a baby

7. having a baby developing in your body

8. for or relating to a woman who is going to have a baby

9. the period in which a baby is developing inside its mother

10. when a baby is not born alive

11. methods used to prevent a woman becoming pregnant

12. to be able to have babies

13. to be unable to have babies

14. the process of people or animals producing babies

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ CHILD

↑ FAMILY

↑ FATHER

↑ MOTHER

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1. a baby

▷ baby /ˈbeɪbi/ [countable noun]

a very young child, especially one who has not yet learned to speak or walk :

▪ Would you mind looking after the baby for us on Saturday afternoon?

baby girl/boy

▪ a four-day-old baby girl

baby clothes/food/milk etc

for babies

▪ Let’s see if there are any nice baby clothes in the sales.

▷ infant /ˈɪnfənt/ [countable noun]

a baby :

▪ Her parents both died when she was an infant.

▪ There are clear differences in speed of learning between infants at this early stage.

infant son/daughter

▪ The couple have a three-year-old son and an infant daughter.

infant mortality

the number of babies that die in a society

▪ There has been a sharp rise in infant mortality since the drought began.

▷ child /tʃaɪld/ [countable noun] formal

a baby at the time when it is born or before it is born :

▪ Medical staff, seeing that the child was in danger, decided to perform an operation.

somebody’s first/second etc child

▪ Michael and Ronda had their first child last year.

▪ Roberta’s second child weighed over four kilos at birth.

▷ newborn /ˈnjuːbɔːʳnǁˈnuː-/ [adjective]

newborn baby/child/ infant

a baby etc that has just been born :

▪ Relatives and friends all wanted to see the newborn baby.

▪ Newborn infants spend a lot of time sleeping.

▪ The average weight of a newborn baby is about seven pounds.

newborn [countable noun]

▪ It is normal for newborns newborn babies to have very large heads.

2. a baby animal

▷ young /jʌŋ/ [plural noun]

the babies of an animal or bird :

▪ The mother bird’s main concern is to provide food for her young.

▪ Kangaroos carry their young in a pouch.

▷ baby /ˈbeɪbi/ [adjective only before noun]

baby animal/rabbit/elephant etc

a very young animal, rabbit etc - used especially by or to children :

▪ In the zoo there is a small farm where children can look at the baby animals.

▪ Baby monkeys cling to their mother’s backs.

▷ newborn /ˈnjuːbɔːʳnǁˈnuː-/ [adjective]

a newborn animal is one that has just been born :

▪ Newborn kittens cannot open their eyes.

▪ a mother sheep with her newborn lamb

▷ litter /ˈlɪtəʳ/ [countable noun]

a group of several baby animals that are born at the same time and have the same mother :

▪ The vet asked how many litters the dog had had.

▪ Our cat, Elsie, just had a litter of six kittens.

3. a baby that is still developing in its mother’s body

▷ unborn child/baby /ˌʌnbɔːʳn ˈtʃaɪld, ˈbeɪbi/ [countable noun]

▪ Doctors do not know what the long-term effects of the drug will be on the unborn child.

▪ Petra could feel her unborn baby moving inside her.

▷ fetus/foetus /ˈfiːtəs/ [countable noun] British

a baby that is developing in its mother’s body - used especially by doctors :

▪ By the end of the third month of pregnancy the foetus is a miniature human being.

▪ The research focuses on how alcohol may harm the fetus.

▷ embryo /ˈembriəʊ/ [countable noun]

a baby that is in the very early stage of development inside its mother’s body :

▪ When first formed, the embryo is only half a millimetre long.

▪ The government has banned all scientific research using human embryos.

4. when a baby is born

▷ be born /biː ˈbɔːʳn/ [verb phrase]

▪ Karen’s baby was born six weeks early.

▪ All our children were born in the same hospital.

▷ birth /bɜːʳθ/ [countable/uncountable noun]

the fact or process of being born :

▪ It was a very difficult birth.

▪ There have been three births in our family this year.

birth of

▪ It’s quite common now for fathers to be present at the birth of their babies.

at birth

at the time when someone is born

▪ Most birds cannot identify their parents at birth and simply follow the first moving object they see.

▷ arrive /əˈraɪv/ [intransitive verb]

to be born - use this especially to talk about the time a baby is born :

▪ The baby arrived at five minutes past midnight.

▪ Has your sister’s baby arrived yet?

arrival [uncountable noun]

▪ The arrival of our first child brought new joy into our lives.

▷ come along /ˌkʌm əˈlɒŋǁ-əˈlɔːŋ/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

a word meaning to be born - use this especially to talk about how the baby’s birth affects its parents’ lives :

▪ I was studying to be an accountant, but then the baby came along and I had to give it all up.

▪ By the time her third child came along, Mrs Jones had strong ideas on how children should be brought up.

5. to have a baby

▷ have a baby/have twins/have kittens etc /ˌhæv ə ˈbeɪbi/ [verb phrase]

▪ Having a baby changes your life completely.

▪ After my wife had the twins, we were struggling financially for a while.

▪ Our dog had six puppies while we were away on vacation.

▷ give birth /ˌgɪv ˈbɜːʳθ/ [verb phrase]

to have a baby - use this especially to talk about the actual process of doing this :

▪ Zelda was admitted to the hospital at one o'clock, and gave birth two hours later.

give birth to a child/daughter etc

▪ When Pablo was three, his mother gave birth to a daughter.

▷ become a mother /bɪˌkʌm ə ˈmʌðəʳ/ [verb phrase]

to have a baby for the first time :

▪ Rachel was looking forward to becoming a mother.

become the mother of a son/twins etc

▪ Nine months later she became the mother of a son, who was named George.

▷ childbirth /ˈtʃaɪldbɜːʳθ/ [uncountable noun]

the process of giving birth :

▪ Most women have some kind of pain relief during childbirth.

die in childbirth

die while giving birth

▪ Samuel’s mother died in childbirth, and he was brought up by his aunt.

natural childbirth

without drugs, medical operations etc

▪ Natural childbirth has become more popular over the last 20 years.

▷ labour British /labor American /ˈleɪbəʳ/ [uncountable noun]

the whole process of giving birth, from the time when the baby starts to be pushed out of its mother’s body :

▪ When Connie realized that her labor was starting, she quickly phoned both her husband and doctor.

in labour

▪ Sara was in labor for sixteen hours with our first child.

go into labour

begin the process of giving birth

▪ One of the horses had gone into labour while the farmer was away.

▷ delivery /dɪˈlɪv ə ri/ [countable noun]

the process of giving birth, especially when the birth is helped by doctors and nurses :

▪ A hospital is usually the best place for a safe delivery.

▪ Meg was recovering from a particularly complicated delivery.

6. to help with the birth of a baby

▷ deliver /dɪˈlɪvəʳ/ [transitive verb]

▪ Our family doctor delivered the baby.

▪ The birth was so quick that my husband had to deliver the baby himself.

▪ Julia’s third child had to be delivered by caesarean section.

7. having a baby developing in your body

▷ pregnant /ˈpregnənt/ [adjective]

▪ The health centre provides milk and vitamins for pregnant women.

▪ When our cat was pregnant she looked like a round, furry ball.

get pregnant

▪ We can’t stop teens from having sex, but we can help them to avoid getting pregnant.

pregnant with somebody

▪ When I was pregnant with Mandy, I felt fat and unattractive.

twenty weeks/three months etc pregnant

▪ When Janette was three months pregnant, she caught flu.

heavily pregnant

British when the baby is almost ready to be born

▪ By this time I was heavily pregnant and could hardly get into any of my clothes.

▷ be going to have a baby/be having a baby /biː ˌgəʊɪŋ tə hæv ə ˈbeɪbi, biː ˌhævɪŋ ə ˈbeɪbi/ [verb phrase]

to have a baby developing in your body - used especially when you are telling someone that you or another person is going to have a baby :

▪ Isn’t it wonderful that Susie’s going to have a baby?

▪ My boss is having a baby in March, but she’s only taking two months maternity leave.

▪ The doctor told Ellie that the tests were positive and she was going to have a baby.

▷ be expecting /biː ɪkˈspektɪŋ/ [verb phrase] spoken informal

to have a baby developing inside you :

▪ They’d only been married a couple of months and already Rebecca was expecting.

▷ expectant mother /ɪkˌspektənt ˈmʌðəʳ/ [countable noun]

a woman who is going to have a baby :

▪ Expectant mothers are entitled to free healthcare.

▪ Expectant mothers sometimes have cravings for unusual foods.

▷ mother-to-be also mum-to-be British informal /ˌmʌðəʳ tə ˈbiː, ˌmʌm tə ˈbiː/ [countable noun]

a woman who is going to have a baby :

▪ I hear you are now a mother-to-be.

▪ For first time mothers-to-be, the importance of regular check-ups cannot be stressed enough.

8. for or relating to a woman who is going to have a baby

▷ maternity /məˈtɜːʳnɪti, məˈtɜːʳnəti/ [adjective only before noun]

maternity care/ward/ leave etc

for women who are going to have a baby or have just had a baby :

▪ Maternity clothes are more stylish than they used to be.

▪ Most women who take maternity leave look forward to returning to their jobs.

▪ Which way to the maternity ward?

▷ prenatal also antenatal British /ˌpriːˈneɪtl◂, ˌæntɪˈneɪtl◂/ [adjective only before noun]

antenatal classes/clinic/care etc

classes etc that provide special care for women who are going to have a baby :

▪ Pregnant teenagers often do not want to attend antenatal classes.

▪ Towards the end of a pregnancy, doctors recommend more frequent prenatal check-ups.

9. the period in which a baby is developing inside its mother

▷ pregnancy /ˈpregnənsi/ [countable/uncountable noun]

▪ Many women find their skin is at its best during pregnancy.

▪ This drug should not be taken during pregnancy.

▪ She’s had a difficult pregnancy.

▷ gestation period /dʒeˈsteɪʃ ə n ˌpɪ ə riəd/ [countable noun]

the length of time a human or animal baby develops in its mother’s body :

▪ An elephant’s gestation period is almost two years.

10. when a baby is not born alive

▷ lose the baby /ˌluːz ðə ˈbeɪbi/ [verb phrase]

▪ ‘Am I going to lose the baby?’ she asked the doctor.

▪ Patricia lost the baby after six months.

▷ have a miscarriage /ˌhæv ə ˌmɪsˈkærɪdʒ/ [verb phrase]

if a woman has a miscarriage the baby comes out of her body far too early for it to be able to live :

▪ She was pregnant during her first marriage, but had a miscarriage.

▷ stillborn /ˈstɪlbɔːʳn, ˌstɪlˈbɔːʳn/ [adjective]

a baby that is stillborn is born dead but fully developed :

▪ Sadly, the baby was stillborn.

▪ Libby had still not recovered from the shock of giving birth to a stillborn child.

▷ be born dead /biː ˌbɔːʳn ˈded/ [verb phrase]

if a baby is born dead, it is not alive when it is born :

▪ The doctor told them that there was a danger their baby would be born dead or brain damaged.

▷ abortion /əˈbɔːʳʃ ə n/ [countable/uncountable noun]

a medical operation to deliberately end a pregnancy so that the baby is not born alive :

▪ The Catholic Church remains strongly opposed to abortion.

have an abortion

▪ One of my friends got pregnant when she was fifteen and had an abortion.

backstreet abortion

a secret illegal abortion by someone who is not trained

▪ Backstreet abortions left many women unable to have children later.

▷ terminate a pregnancy /ˌtɜːʳmɪneɪt ə ˈpregnənsi, ˌtɜːʳməneɪt ə ˈpregnənsi/ [verb phrase] formal

to perform the operation that prevents a baby from being born alive, often because the mother’s life is in danger - used especially by doctors :

▪ Doctors may terminate a pregnancy when the life of the mother is at risk.

11. methods used to prevent a woman becoming pregnant

▷ contraception /ˌkɒntrəˈsepʃ ə nǁˌkɑːn-/ [uncountable noun]

methods that are used to prevent a baby starting to develop inside a woman’s body when a man and woman have sex :

▪ Today there are more women using modern contraception than ever before.

▪ For advice on contraception, talk to your doctor or local family planning clinic.

methods of contraception

▪ There are several reliable methods of contraception.

contraceptive [adjective]

▪ Women who take a contraceptive pill and who also smoke cigarettes dramatically increase their chances of heart disease.

▷ birth control/family planning /ˈbɜːʳθ kənˌtrəʊl, ˌfæm ə li ˈplænɪŋ/ [uncountable noun]

the practice of deliberately controlling the number of babies that are born :

▪ Government attempts to encourage family planning have failed in many parts of the third world.

▪ a reliable method of birth control

12. to be able to have babies

▷ be able to have children /biː ˌeɪb ə l tə hæv ˈtʃɪldrən/ [verb phrase]

to be physically able to have a baby :

▪ After the operation will I still be able to have children?

▷ fertile /ˈfɜːtaɪlǁˈfɜːrtl/ [adjective]

able to have a baby or be the father of a baby :

▪ While most men remain fertile into old age, women do not.

fertility /fəʳˈtɪlɪti, fəʳˈtɪləti/ [uncountable noun]

▪ Certain drugs have been found to put women’s fertility at risk make them less fertile .

13. to be unable to have babies

▷ not able/unable to have children /nɒt ˌeɪb ə l, ʌnˌeɪb ə l tə hæv ˈtʃɪldrən/ [verb phrase]

▪ The doctor told the couple that they were unable to have children.

▷ infertile /ɪnˈfɜːtaɪlǁ-ˈfɜːrtl/ [adjective]

unable to have babies - used especially about women :

▪ New medical techniques provide hope for infertile couples.

infertility /ˌɪnfəʳˈtɪlɪti, ˌɪnfəʳˈtɪləti/ [uncountable noun]

▪ It took Helen a long time to come to terms with her infertility.

▷ sterile /ˈsteraɪlǁ-rəl/ [adjective]

unable to have babies or to be the father of a baby, especially when this is a permanent condition :

▪ Susan thought that her illness had made her sterile.

sterility /stəˈrɪlɪti, stəˈrɪləti/ [uncountable noun]

▪ Sterility in men seems to be on the increase.

14. the process of people or animals producing babies

▷ reproduction /ˌriːprəˈdʌkʃ ə n/ [uncountable noun]

▪ These insects have two different methods of reproduction.

▪ Dr Weiss’s research has focused mostly on human reproduction.

▪ Evolution depends absolutely on the survival and reproduction of the species.

▷ reproduce /ˌriːprəˈdjuːsǁ-ˈduːs/ [intransitive verb]

to produce babies - use this especially to talk about the method by which this is done or the rate at which it happens :

▪ People have a natural instinct to both reproduce and to care for their young.

▪ Jellyfish reproduce by releasing eggs and sperm into the sea.

▷ breed /briːd/ [intransitive verb]

if animals breed, they produce babies :

▪ Rabbits breed very quickly.

breeding [uncountable noun]

▪ Birds make nests in preparation for breeding.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .