Meaning of DARK in English



1. dark and with little or no light

2. to become dark

3. darkness




dark colour : ↑ COLOUR


1. dark and with little or no light

▷ dark /dɑːʳk/ [adjective]

if a place is dark, there is little or no light :

▪ Thick curtains covered the windows and the room was very dark.

▪ I shrank back into the darkest corner of the room, and prayed that the soldiers would not see me.

▪ No, you can’t play outside, it’s too dark.

▪ It was a dark night and he was afraid they might get lost if they went across the fields.

▪ Anyone who disobeyed him ran the risk of getting beaten up in a dark alley, or even killed.

▷ pitch dark/pitch black /ˌpɪtʃ ˈdɑːʳk◂, ˌpɪtʃ ˈblæk◂/ [adjective not usually before noun]

completely dark, so that nothing can be seen :

▪ It’s pitch dark in there. I can’t see a thing.

▪ Inside the cellar it was pitch black.

▷ gloomy /ˈgluːmi/ [adjective]

a gloomy place or room is not at all bright or cheerful - use this especially in stories or written descriptions :

▪ The bar was gloomy and smelled of stale cigar smoke.

▪ I never liked visiting Dr Allen in his gloomy old study.

▷ dingy /ˈdɪndʒi/ [adjective]

a room, street, or place that is dingy is fairly dark and usually dirty and in bad condition :

▪ He ate lunch in a dingy little cafe next to the station.

▪ The room was damp and dingy.

▷ darkened /ˈdɑːʳkənd/ [adjective only before noun]

a darkened room or building is darker than usual, especially because its lights have been turned off or there are no lights :

▪ The prisoner lay in a darkened room.

▪ The production opens with a darkened stage, and the sound of a woman singing softly.

▷ dimly-lit /ˌdɪmli ˈlɪt◂/ [adjective]

an area or building that is dimly- lit is fairly dark because the lights there are not very bright :

▪ a long, dimly-lit corridor

▪ Madame Gloriana led the way into a dimly lit back room.

▷ unlit /ˌʌnˈlɪt◂/ [adjective]

an area, building, or room that is unlit is dark because there are no lights on there :

▪ The path was unlit, and she needed a torch to find her way.

▪ Behind the gasoline pumps the unlit garage stood like a huge black shadow.

2. to become dark

▷ it gets dark /ɪt ˌgets ˈdɑːʳk/

when it gets dark, the sky becomes dark, usually because it is night :

▪ It was getting dark, and we were worried that we wouldn’t make it back to the village before nightfall.

▪ When we were camping we used to go to sleep as soon as it got dark.

▪ It’s getting very dark out there -- there’s going to be a storm.

▷ the light fades /ðə ˌlaɪt ˈfeɪdz/

if natural light fades, it gradually becomes weaker, because night is coming :

▪ The light slowly began to fade and the trees became mere shadows.

▪ I want to take some photographs before the light fades.

▷ darken /ˈdɑːʳkən/ [intransitive verb]

if the sky darkens, it gradually becomes darker than before, often because of bad weather :

▪ In a few minutes the sky darkened and heavy rain began to fall.

▪ We walked along the shore as the sun’s last rays winked over the darkening sea, then headed for home.

▷ fall /fɔːl/ [intransitive verb]

night/evening/darkness falls

use this especially in stories to say that the night begins and it becomes dark :

▪ We got back home just as night was falling.

▪ Darkness fell on the town and the streetlights came on one by one.

▷ be plunged into darkness /biː ˌplʌndʒd ɪntə ˈdɑːʳknə̇s/ [verb phrase]

if a room, building etc is plunged into darkness it is suddenly made dark because all the lights have been turned off :

▪ Suddenly the light went out and the narrow stairs were plunged into darkness.

▪ Lightning struck the power lines, plunging half the city into darkness.

3. darkness

▷ darkness /ˈdɑːʳknɪs, ˈdɑːʳknəs/ [uncountable noun]

a place or time where there is no light :

▪ A voice came from out of the darkness, but she couldn’t see anyone.

▪ As my eyes became used to the darkness I could make out a bed in the corner of the room.

▪ The city was a violent place at that time, and it was not safe to walk the streets during the hours of darkness.

in complete darkness

▪ Colour films must be developed in complete darkness.

▷ the dark /ðə ˈdɑːʳk/ [singular noun]

when there is no light, especially in a room :

▪ Children who are afraid of the dark need to be reassured.

in the dark

▪ Why are you sitting there in the dark? Put the light on.

▷ the shadows /ðə ˈʃædəʊz/ [plural noun]

the place near a building, trees etc where it is darker than everywhere else because it is hidden from the sun’s light :

▪ Someone was hiding in the shadows at the end of the garden.

▪ Two figures moved out of the shadows into the moonlit street.

▷ the half-light /ðə ˈhɑːf laɪtǁ-ˈhæf-/ [singular noun]

dull, grey light like the light of the early morning or early evening - use this especially in stories and written descriptions :

▪ He urged the mule forward through the half-light of the forest.

in the half-light

▪ It was difficult to see who was standing there in the dim half-light of the hall.

▷ the gloom /ðə ˈgluːm/ [singular noun]

when a place or room does not have enough light to see properly and is not at all cheerful - use this especially in stories and written descriptions :

▪ I stepped through the doorway and peered into the gloom.

▪ Jon could hear her voice but was unable to see anything in the gloom.

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