Meaning of LIGHT in English


not dark

1. light from the sun, a fire, an electric light etc

2. to make a place light

3. when the lights in a place are on

not heavy

4. not heavy

5. to make something lighter


light a fire : ↑ FIRE , ↑ BURN


1. light from the sun, a fire, an electric light etc

▷ light /laɪt/ [uncountable noun]

▪ Light was coming into the room through a crack in the door.

▪ a gas lamp that gives as much light as a 100 watt bulb

the light

the amount of natural light in a place

▪ The light was fading, and I was afraid we wouldn’t be home before dark.

good/strong/bright light

▪ The light isn’t good enough to take a photograph.

poor/dim/fading light

▪ In the fading light she could just make out the shape of a tractor.

soft/warm light

▪ The valley was bathed in the soft light of dawn.

cold/harsh light

▪ the cold blue light of the Arctic

blinding/dazzling light

very strong light that hurts your eyes

▪ a sudden flash of blinding light

by the light of the moon/the fire/a candle

with only the moon etc to give light

▪ She sat reading by the light of the fire.

▷ it’s light /ɪts ˈlaɪt/ spoken

use this to say that there is natural daylight, so that you can see easily enough to do something :

▪ Let’s go now while it’s still light.

▪ It’s not light enough to play outside.

▷ daylight /ˈdeɪlaɪt/ [uncountable noun]

the natural light of day :

in daylight

▪ I’d like to look at the house again in daylight.

daylight hours

the time when it is light

▪ The park is open during daylight hours.

▷ sunlight /ˈsʌnlaɪt/ [uncountable noun]

the light from the sun :

▪ Her long blonde hair was shining in the sunlight.

▪ We emerged from the dark forest into the sunlight.

direct sunlight

▪ Keep the plant out of direct sunlight.

▷ moonlight /ˈmuːnlaɪt/ [uncountable noun]

the light from the moon :

▪ The trees looked strangely white in the moonlight.

▪ Moonlight came in through the curtains, lighting up the children’s sleeping faces.

▷ glare /gleəʳ/ [singular noun]

a very bright and unpleasant light that makes you want to close your eyes or turn your head away :

glare of

▪ the glare of the car’s headlights

▪ The heat and glare of the furnace is immense.

▷ glow /gləʊ/ [singular noun]

a soft pleasant light, especially from something that is burning :

▪ Candles give a warm glow to the room.

glow of

▪ the orange glow of the sunset

▷ beam /biːm/ [countable noun]

a line of light shining from something such as a lamp :

▪ We could see the beams of searchlights scanning the sky.

beam of light

▪ Maggie stumbled across the field with only a narrow beam of light from her flashlight to help her.

▷ ray /reɪ/ [countable noun]

a line of light, especially one shining from the sun :

▪ Use a sunscreen to protect your skin against the sun’s harmful rays.

▪ The first rays of the sun pierced the canopy of leaves above us, and the forest began to wake up.

2. to make a place light

▷ light up /ˌlaɪt ˈʌp/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to shine lights on a place so that people can see it well, or so that it looks attractive :

light up something/light something up

▪ Fireworks lit up the night sky.

▪ Their garden was lit up by dozens of coloured lamps.

▷ light /laɪt/ [transitive verb]

to put lights in a place so that people can see what is happening there :

▪ What are you going to use to light the stage?

be lit by/with something

▪ The room was lit by dozens of candles.

▷ switch/turn/put on the light(s) /ˌswɪtʃ, ˌtɜːʳn, ˌpʊt ɒn ðə ˈlaɪt(s)/ [verb phrase]

to turn or press a control to make an electric light produce light :

▪ Can you put the light on? I can’t see anything!

▪ When I turned on the light, I realized the room was in chaos.

▷ illuminate /ɪˈluːmɪneɪt, ɪˈluːməneɪt, ɪˈljuː-ǁɪˈluː-/ [transitive verb]

to make a place light or shine light on something so that you can see it, especially in order to draw attention to something :

illuminate something

▪ Small lights illuminate different points on the map.

▪ The blazing fire illuminated the china ornaments above the hearth.

be illuminated by/with something

▪ A small path was illuminated by low orange lamps concealed in the flower beds.

3. when the lights in a place are on

▷ the lights are on /ðə ˌlaɪts ɑːr ˈɒn/:

▪ Although the lights were on, nobody answered the door.

▪ The lights are still on in a couple of the offices.

▷ be lit up /biː ˌlɪt ˈʌp/ [verb phrase]

if a room, house, building etc is lit up, the lights are on inside or outside :

▪ People were getting ready for dinner, and the house was all lit up.

▪ In the town centre, the streets are all lit up for Christmas.

be lit up by/with

▪ The mosque is lit up by floodlights at night.

▷ ablaze /əˈbleɪz/ [adjective not before noun]

if a place or set of lights is ablaze, there is a lot of bright light because all the lights are turned on - used especially in literature :

▪ The yacht passed us, its cabin lights ablaze.

ablaze with

▪ Every shop window is ablaze with bright Christmas lights.

4. not heavy

▷ light /laɪt/ [adjective]

▪ You can carry this bag -- it’s fairly light.

▪ Modern tennis rackets are much lighter than old-fashioned wooden ones.

▪ Heat rises because hot air is lighter than cold air.

light as a feather

extremely light

▪ She was light as a feather to carry, and her hands were cold as ice.

▷ lightweight /ˈlaɪtweɪt/ [adjective]

lightweight clothes, materials, or equipment are specially made so that they weigh very little :

▪ a lightweight summer suit

▪ a strong, lightweight material such as titanium

▪ Today’s baby buggies are lightweight, compact, and easy to fold.

▷ weightless /ˈweɪtləs/ [adjective]

if someone or something is weightless, they seem to weigh much less than usual, especially because they are floating in space or water :

▪ Astronauts have problems moving around in the spacecraft because they are virtually weightless.

weightlessness [uncountable noun]

▪ It takes a shuttle crew around a day to get used to the weightlessness of space.

5. to make something lighter

▷ make something lighter /ˌmeɪk something ˈlaɪtəʳ/ [verb phrase]

▪ They had taken out all the drawers to make it lighter, before carrying it down the stairs.

▪ Many parts are now made from plastic instead of steel, making cars lighter and more fuel-efficient.

▷ lighten /ˈlaɪtn/ [transitive verb]

to make something lighter, especially in order to make it easier to move or carry :

▪ I’m sure you could lighten that suitcase a little if you only packed what you need.

lighten the load

▪ As weather conditions got worse, Watts and Peters abandoned their photographic equipment in order to lighten the load.

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