Meaning of LIGHT in English

I. ˈlīt noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English lēoht; akin to Old High German lioht light, Latin luc-, lux light, lucēre to shine, Greek leukos white

Date: before 12th century


a. : something that makes vision possible

b. : the sensation aroused by stimulation of the visual receptors

c. : electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength and traveling in a vacuum with a speed of about 186,281 miles (300,000 kilometers) per second ; specifically : such radiation that is visible to the human eye


a. : daylight

b. : dawn

3. : a source of light: as

a. : a celestial body

b. : candle

c. : an electric light

4. archaic : sight 4a


a. : spiritual illumination

b. : inner light

c. : enlightenment

d. : truth


a. : public knowledge

facts brought to light

b. : a particular aspect or appearance presented to view

saw the matter in a different light

7. : a particular illumination

8. : something that enlightens or informs

shed some light on the problem

9. : a medium (as a window) through which light is admitted

10. plural : a set of principles, standards, or opinions

worship according to one's light s — Adrienne Koch

11. : a noteworthy person in a particular place or field

a leading light among current writers

12. : a particular expression of the eye


a. : lighthouse , beacon

b. : traffic light

14. : the representation of light in art

15. : a flame for lighting something (as a cigarette)

- in the light of

II. adjective

Date: before 12th century

1. : having light : bright

a light airy room


a. : not dark, intense, or swarthy in color or coloring : pale

b. of colors : medium in saturation and high in lightness

light blue

3. of coffee : served with extra milk or cream

III. verb

( lit ˈlit ; or light·ed ; light·ing )

Date: before 12th century

intransitive verb

1. : to become light : brighten — usually used with up

her face lit up

2. : to take fire

3. : to ignite something (as a cigarette) — often used with up

transitive verb

1. : to set fire to


a. : to conduct with a light : guide

b. : illuminate

rockets light up the sky

c. : animate , brighten

a smile lit up her face

IV. adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English lēoht; akin to Old High German līhti light, Latin levis, Greek elachys small

Date: before 12th century


a. : having little weight : not heavy

b. : designed to carry a comparatively small load

a light truck

c. : having relatively little weight in proportion to bulk

aluminum is a light metal

d. : containing less than the legal, standard, or usual weight

a light coin


a. : of little importance : trivial

b. : not abundant

light rain

a light lunch


a. : easily disturbed

a light sleeper

b. : exerting a minimum of force or pressure : gentle

a light touch

c. : resulting from a very slight pressure : faint

light print


a. : easily endurable

a light illness

b. : requiring little effort

light work

5. : capable of moving swiftly or nimbly

light on his feet


a. : frivolous 1a

light conduct

b. : lacking in stability : changeable

light opinions

c. : sexually promiscuous

7. : free from care : cheerful

8. : less powerful but usually more mobile than usual for its kind

light cavalry

a light cruiser


a. : made with a lower calorie content or with less of some ingredient (as salt, fat, or alcohol) than usual

light beer

light salad dressing

b. : having a relatively mild flavor


a. : easily digested

a light soup

b. : well leavened

a light crust

11. : coarse and sandy or easily pulverized

light soil

12. : dizzy , giddy

felt light in the head

13. : intended chiefly to entertain

light verse

light comedy


a. : carrying little or no cargo

the ship returned light

b. : producing goods for direct consumption by the consumer

light industry

15. : not bearing a stress or accent

a light syllable

16. : having a clear soft quality

a light voice

17. : being in debt to the pot in a poker game

three chips light

18. : short 5d

light on experience

19. : casual , occasional

a light smoker

Synonyms: see easy

• light·ish ˈlī-tish adjective

V. adverb

Date: before 12th century

1. : lightly

2. : with little baggage

travel light

VI. intransitive verb

( lit ˈlit ; or light·ed ; light·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English līhtan; akin to Old English lēoht light in weight

Date: before 12th century

1. : dismount

2. : settle , alight

a bird lit on the lawn

3. : to fall unexpectedly — usually used with on or upon

4. : to arrive by chance : happen — usually used with on or upon

lit upon a solution

- light into

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.