Meaning of LIFT in English

I. ˈlift noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English lyft

Date: before 12th century

chiefly Scottish : heavens, sky

II. verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Old Norse lypta; akin to Old English lyft air — more at loft

Date: 14th century

transitive verb


a. : to raise from a lower to a higher position : elevate

b. : to raise in rank or condition

c. : to raise in rate or amount

2. : to put an end to (a blockade or siege) by withdrawing or causing the withdrawal of investing forces

3. : revoke , rescind

lift an embargo


a. : steal

had her purse lift ed

b. : plagiarize

c. : to take out of normal setting

lift a word out of context

5. : to take up (as a root crop or transplants) from the ground

6. : to pay off (an obligation)

lift a mortgage

7. : to move from one place to another (as by aircraft) : transport

8. : to take up (a fingerprint) from a surface

intransitive verb


a. : ascend , rise

the rocket lift ed off

b. : to appear elevated (as above surrounding objects)

2. of inclement weather : to dissipate and clear

• lift·able ˈlif-tə-bəl adjective

• lift·er noun


lift , raise , rear , elevate , hoist , heave , boost mean to move from a lower to a higher place or position. lift usually implies exerting effort to overcome resistance of weight

lift the chair while I vacuum

raise carries a stronger implication of bringing up to the vertical or to a high position

scouts raising a flagpole

rear may add an element of suddenness to raise

suddenly reared itself up on its hind legs

elevate may replace lift or raise especially when exalting or enhancing is implied

elevated the taste of the public

hoist implies lifting something heavy especially by mechanical means

hoisted the cargo on board

heave implies lifting and throwing with great effort or strain

heaved the heavy crate inside

boost suggests assisting to climb or advance by a push

boosted his brother over the fence

III. noun

Date: 14th century

1. : the amount that may be lifted at one time : load


a. : the action or an instance of lifting

b. : the action or an instance of rising

c. : elevated carriage (as of a body part)

d. : the lifting up (as of a dancer) usually by a partner

3. : a device (as a handle or latch) for lifting

4. : an act of stealing : theft


a. : assistance , help

b. : a ride especially along one's way

6. : a layer in the heel of a shoe

7. : a rise or advance in position or condition

8. : a slight rise or elevation

9. : the distance or extent to which something rises

10. : an apparatus or machine used for hoisting: as

a. : a set of pumps used in a mine

b. chiefly British : elevator 1b

c. : an apparatus for raising an automobile (as for repair)

d. : ski lift


a. : an elevating influence

b. : an elevation of the spirit


a. : the component of the total aerodynamic force acting on an airplane or airfoil that is perpendicular to the relative wind and that for an airplane constitutes the upward force that opposes the pull of gravity

b. : an updraft that can be used to increase altitude (as of a sailplane)

13. : an organized movement of people, equipment, or supplies by some form of transportation ; especially : airlift

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.