Meaning of SHUT in English



1. to close a door, window, gate etc

2. to close a container

3. to close your eyes/mouth

4. to become shut

5. to shut something so that it cannot be opened

6. to close an entrance or opening

7. when a door, entrance, lid etc has been shut

8. when a shop or office is closed




see also



1. to close a door, window, gate etc

▷ shut /ʃʌt/ [transitive verb]

to move a door, window, gate etc so that it is no longer open :

▪ Come in and shut the door behind you.

▪ Someone had shut the gate to stop the sheep getting out onto the road.

▪ She heard Charlotte downstairs shutting the windows, and locking up for the night.

▷ close /kləʊz/ [transitive verb]

to shut something, especially in a careful way :

▪ Do you mind if I close the window?

▪ She took the necklace out of the box and closed the lid.

▷ slam /slæm/ [transitive verb]

to shut a door quickly so that it makes a loud noise, especially because you are angry :

▪ Jane marched out of the room slamming the door behind her.

▪ He slammed the door so hard that the glass cracked.

▷ push/kick/slide etc something shut /ˌpʊʃ something ˈʃʌt/ [verb phrase]

to push, kick, slide etc something so that it shuts :

▪ The woman pushed the door shut with her foot.

▪ It started raining, so I quickly pulled the window shut.

▪ ‘Sorry, we’re closed,’ said the official, sliding the wooden panel shut.

▷ pull/push the door to /ˌpʊl, ˌpʊʃ ðə dɔːʳ ˈtuː/ [verb phrase]

to move a door so that it is almost shut :

▪ ‘Tell me what’s wrong,’ I said, pulling the door to.

▪ She pushed the door to against the blinding sunlight.

▷ draw the curtains/close the curtains /ˌdrɔː ðə ˈkɜːʳtnz, ˌkləʊz ðə ˈkɜːʳtnz/ [verb phrase]

to close curtains by pulling them across a window :

▪ Let’s draw the curtains. We don’t want people looking in.

▪ The curtains were closed and the room was in darkness.

2. to close a container

▷ shut/close /ʃʌt, kləʊz/ [transitive verb]

to close a container, such as a box, case, or bottle :

▪ As the teacher appeared, Matt shut the box quickly.

▪ Russell shut his briefcase with a snap, and the meeting was over.

▪ Put lids on all the jars and close them tightly.

▷ put the lid on /ˌpʊt ðə ˈlɪd ɒn/ [verb phrase]

to shut a container such as a bottle or box by putting a lid onto it :

▪ Put the lid on the cookie jar when you’ve finished with it!

▪ If you leave cooked food in a pan, you should always put the lid on.

▷ screw on /ˌskruː ˈɒn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to shut a container such as a bottle by putting the lid on and turning it round and round until it cannot be turned any more :

screw on something

▪ I screwed on the top of the bottle as tightly as I could.

screw something back on

▪ The fuel tank cap hadn’t been screwed back on properly, and it came off when I drove away.

screw something on

▪ She screwed the lid of the jar on again.

3. to close your eyes/mouth

▷ close/shut /kləʊz, ʃʌt/ [transitive verb]

to close your eyes or mouth :

▪ I lay down and closed my eyes.

▪ He shut his eyes and listened to the music.

▪ Lara opened her mouth to speak, then closed it again.

4. to become shut

▷ close/shut /kləʊz, ʃʌt/ [intransitive verb]

to become shut :

▪ He walked out and the door shut behind him.

▪ There was a bang as the gates shut.

▪ Her eyes closed, and she fell into a deep sleep.

▷ slam also slam shut /slæm, ˌslæm ˈʃʌt/ [intransitive verb]

if a door slams or slams shut, it shuts quickly and makes a loud noise :

▪ Outside in the street, car doors slammed and people were shouting.

▪ She heard a door slam shut and the sound of footsteps on the path.

▷ slide/blow/swing etc shut /ˌslaɪd ˈʃʌt/ [verb phrase]

if a door, window, gate etc slides, blows, swings etc shut, it shuts by sliding, being blown, swinging etc :

▪ The window suddenly blew shut, with a loud bang.

▪ The elevator doors silently slid shut.

5. to shut something so that it cannot be opened

▷ lock /lɒkǁlɑːk/ [transitive verb]

to shut something such as a door, window, or box by turning a key in a lock :

▪ As she left the house she locked the door.

▪ Don’t forget to lock the car.

▪ He locked the safe and put the key in his pocket.

▷ lock up /ˌlɒk ˈʌpǁˌlɑːk-/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to lock something such as a vehicle or a building :

lock up something

▪ I had locked up my office for the night and gone home.

▪ He always keeps his desk locked up.

lock something up

▪ You should take basic precautions like locking your car up.

▷ bolt /bəʊlt/ [transitive verb]

to shut a door by sliding a small metal bar across both the door and its frame so that it cannot be opened from the other side :

▪ My husband always bolts all the doors before going to bed.

▷ bar /bɑːʳ/ [transitive verb]

to shut a door or window and put a bar, a piece of wood, etc across it so that people cannot get in or out :

▪ The owner of the house had barred the back door.

▪ Some of the survivors said that one of the fire exits had been barred.

▷ lock somebody out /ˌlɒk somebody ˈaʊtǁˌlɑːk-/ [verb phrase]

to prevent someone from entering a room or building by locking the door :

▪ If she wasn’t home by midnight her father would lock her out.

lock yourself out

not be able to get back into a place you have locked

▪ We always leave a key with a neighbour in case we lock ourselves out.

6. to close an entrance or opening

▷ block up /ˌblɒk ˈʌpǁˌblɑːk-/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to put something into a hole or entrance so that it is permanently closed :

block something up

▪ Martha tried to block the mouse holes up, but new ones kept appearing.

block up something

▪ Some of the windows in the church had been blocked up.

▪ He blocked up the entrance to the tunnel with stones.

▷ plug/plug up /plʌg, ˌplʌg ˈʌp/ [transitive verb/transitive phrasal verb]

to put something into a hole in order to stop a liquid from getting through :

▪ We tried to plug the hole in the bottom of the boat with a plastic bag.

▪ They didn’t have enough material to plug up the gaps around the pipe.

▷ seal /siːl/ [transitive verb]

to close an entrance or container with something that completely prevents air or water from getting in or out :

▪ If you seal the jars well, the jam will keep for months or even years.

▪ In this experiment, the chamber must be completely sealed.

7. when a door, entrance, lid etc has been shut

▷ shut/closed /ʃʌt, kləʊzd/ [adjective not before noun]

not open :

▪ Make sure all the windows are shut before you go out.

▪ The gates were closed, and there was no other way in.

tight shut

▪ Keep your eyes tight shut.

▷ locked /lɒktǁlɑːkt/ [adjective]

something that is locked has been shut using a key :

▪ Jamie tried the door. ‘It’s locked,’ he said.

▪ All office workers should keep their personal belongings in a locked drawer.

▪ I need my coat out of your car -- is it locked?

▷ bolted /ˈbəʊltɪd, ˈbəʊltəd/ [adjective]

a door that is bolted has been shut by using a metal bar that slides across and prevents the door from being opened from the other side :

▪ The door’s bolted, we’ll have to break it down.

▪ Burglars can always find a way in, in spite of bolted doors and windows.

▷ sealed /siːld/ [adjective]

shut with something that prevents air or water from getting in or out :

▪ Plants cannot survive in a sealed jar.

▪ Sealed nuclear waste containers are then enclosed in concrete.

8. when a shop or office is closed

▷ close also shut /kləʊz, ʃʌt/ [intransitive verb] British

if a shop or office shuts or closes, it stops being open for business :

▪ ‘What time does the bank shut?’ ‘Four o'clock.’

▪ Most of the stores close at 6:30.

▷ be closed also be shut /biː ˈkləʊzd, biː ˈʃʌt/ [verb phrase]

if a shop or office is shut or is closed, it is not open for business :

▪ The ticket office was closed.

▪ It was nine o'clock and all the stores were shut.

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