Meaning of SHUT in English


I. ˈshə]t, dial ˈshe]; usu ]d.+V verb

( shut ; shut ; shutting ; shuts )

Etymology: Middle English shutten, shetten, shitten, from Old English scyttan; akin to Middle Dutch schutten to shut in, hinder, Old English scēotan to shoot — more at shoot

transitive verb

1. obsolete : to move (as a bolt) so as to fasten something (as a door, window)


a. : to move (as a door, window, gate) into position to close an opening

shut the lid

leads us to shut the gates of mercy — M.R.Cohen

shut his door against his enemies

— often used with up

shut up his windows and closed the shop

or down

shut all the windows down

shuts the top down and locks it

b. : to prevent passage to or from by closing doors or openings : close

shut the cottage for the winter

— often used with up

shut up the house and set off for Europe

c. : to close (as an opening, a passage) by an obstacle or barrier

the enemy shut every pass through the mountains

— often used with up or in

another upland valley shut in by the easy slope of wooded hills — American Guide Series: Vermont

d. : to close (as the mind) to ideas and other influences from without

prejudice shuts the mind tighter than illiteracy — Bice Clemow

— often used with up

3. : to confine by or as if by enclosure or by closing a means of escape

shut him in the closet

was shut in prison

— usually used with up

shut up with him in the … chill smoky carriage — Anne D. Sedgwick

food and muskets and gunpowder to stand by their own army shut up in Boston — Dorothy C. Fisher

shut up in an acquired intellectual pride — V.S.Pritchett

4. : to fasten with a lock or bolt

buys a lock to shut his chest

5. : to close by bringing enclosing or covering parts together

shut the eyes

shut the mouth

shut the fist

shut a book

shut a locket

— often used with up

shut up the piano

6. : to cause to cease or suspend operation or business — often used with down

obliged the administration to shut down the university for the remainder of the spring term — R.G.Woolbert

7. : weld

intransitive verb

1. : to close itself or become closed

door shut with a slam

flowers shut at night

the seams worked … opening and shutting as the ship strained on the waves — C.S.Forester

— often used with down

the lid shuts down to keep the dust out

2. : to become visually continuous without a perceptible break

earth and the sky and the sky and the sea, seem shutting together as a book that is read — Joaquin Miller

3. : to close in

and soon evening will shut — A.E.Housman

— often used with in

observing the sunshine beginning to shut in — Samuel Richardson

4. : to cease or suspend an operation or business : close

cafés and bars which never seemed to shut while I was there — James Reach

— often used with up

all my kids … were reporting for the parade, so I thought we'd shut up early — J.G.Cozzens

or down

plants cut down the number of their employees and in many cases shut down entirely — American Guide Series: New Hampshire

force newspapers to accept censorship or shut down — Time

- shut one's eyes

- shut one's face

- shut one's mouth

- shut the door

- shut up shop

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English schett, from shutten, shetten, shitten, v. — more at shut I

1. : a device used in shutting or closing:

a. archaic : bolt , bar

b. chiefly dialect : shutter

c. : a door or plate used to close an opening

2. : the act or time of shutting

at shut of evening

3. : the line or place of union at a welded joint

4. : cold shut

III. adjective

Etymology: from past participle of shut (I)

1. : closed, fastened, or folded together

the shut door was blank against the summer sunlight — Elizabeth M. Roberts

listened with shut eyes

has her mind shut against all other civilizations — Nora Waln

a terrible, white shut face — S.V.Benét

2. : rid , clear , free — usually used with of

I thought I'd never get shut of him

would soon be shut of them all — Hervey Allen

IV. ˈshət, ˈshu̇t, ˈshet\

chiefly dialect

variant of shoot

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.