Meaning of BRUSH in English


I. brush 1 S3 /brʌʃ/ BrE AmE noun

[ Sense 1, 3-6: Date: 1300-1400 ; Origin: Early French broisse , from Old French broce ( ⇨ ↑ brush 1 (2) ); probably because branches from bushes and trees were used to make brushes. ]

[ Sense 2: Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: broce 'broken branches, brushwood' ]

1 . OBJECT FOR CLEANING/PAINTING [countable] an object that you use for cleaning, painting, making your hair tidy etc, made with a lot of hairs, ↑ bristle s , or thin pieces of plastic, fastened to a handle ⇨ broom :

a scrubbing brush

⇨ ↑ hairbrush , ↑ nailbrush , ↑ paintbrush , ↑ toothbrush

2 . TREES [uncountable]

a) small bushes and trees that cover an area of land

b) branches that have broken off bushes and trees

3 . MOVEMENT [singular] a movement in which you brush something to remove dirt, make something smooth, tidy etc:

I’ll just give my hair a quick brush.

4 . TOUCH [singular] a quick light touch, made by chance when two things or people pass each other:

the brush of her silk dress as she walked past

5 . [countable] a time when you only just avoid an unpleasant situation or argument

brush with

His first brush with the law came when he was 16.

A brush with death can make you appreciate life more.

6 . TAIL [countable] the tail of a ↑ fox

II. brush 2 S3 BrE AmE verb

1 . CLEAN/MAKE TIDY [transitive] to clean something or make something smooth and tidy using a brush ⇨ sweep :

Don’t forget to brush your teeth.

2 . REMOVE [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to remove something with a brush or with your hand

brush something off/from etc something

Ella brushed the crumbs off her jacket.

He brushed the tears from his eyes.

3 . TOUCH LIGHTLY [intransitive always + adverb/preposition, transitive] to touch someone or something lightly when passing them:

Something brushed her shoulders.

brush against

I felt her hair brush against my arm.

brush past

Nell brushed past him in the doorway.

4 . PUT SOMETHING ON SOMETHING [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to put a liquid onto something using a brush

brush something with something

Brush the pastry with milk.

brush something over/onto something

Brush a little oil over the top of the pizza.

⇨ brush something under the carpet at ↑ sweep 1 (15)

brush somebody/something ↔ aside phrasal verb

to refuse to listen to someone, or refuse to consider something SYN dismiss :

He simply brushed all my objections aside.

brush somebody/something ↔ down phrasal verb

1 . to clean something using a brush:

He was brushing the pony down.

2 . brush yourself down to use your hands to remove dirt from your clothes, especially after you have fallen

brush somebody/something ↔ off phrasal verb

to refuse to listen to someone or their ideas, especially by ignoring them or saying something rude:

Corman brushed off the accusations.

⇨ ↑ brush-off

brush up (on) something phrasal verb

to practise and improve your skills or your knowledge of something that you learned in the past:

I must brush up on my French before I go to Paris.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.