Meaning of BRUSH in English

BRUSH

n. & v.

--n.

1. an implement with bristles, hair, wire, etc. varying in firmness set into a block or projecting from the end of a handle, for any of various purposes, esp. cleaning or scrubbing, painting, arranging the hair, etc.

2 the application of a brush; brushing.

3 a (usu. foll. by with) a short esp. unpleasant encounter (a brush with the law). b a skirmish.

4 a the bushy tail of a fox. b a brushlike tuft.

5 Electr. a a piece of carbon or metal serving as an electrical contact esp. with a moving part. b (in full brush discharge) a brushlike discharge of sparks.

6 esp. US & Austral. a undergrowth, thicket; small trees and shrubs. b US such wood cut in faggots. c land covered with brush. d Austral. dense forest.

7 Austral. & NZ sl. a girl or young woman.

--v.

1. tr. a sweep or scrub or put in order with a brush. b treat (a surface) with a brush so as to change its nature or appearance.

2 tr. a remove (dust etc.) with a brush. b apply (a liquid preparation) to a surface with a brush.

3 tr. & intr. graze or touch in passing.

4 intr. perform a brushing action or motion.

Phrases and idioms:

brush aside dismiss or dispose of (a person, idea, etc.) curtly or lightly. brushed aluminium aluminium with a lustreless surface. brushed fabric fabric brushed so as to raise the nap. brush off rebuff; dismiss abruptly. brush-off n. a rebuff; an abrupt dismissal. brush over paint lightly. brush turkey Austral. a large mound-building bird, Alectura lathami. brush up

1. clean up or smarten.

2 revive one's former knowledge of (a subject). brush-up n. the process of cleaning up.

Derivatives:

brushlike adj. brushy adj.

Etymology: ME f. OF brosse

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.