Meaning of BURST in English


I. burst 1 W3 /bɜːst $ bɜːrst/ BrE AmE verb ( past tense and past participle burst )

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: berstan ]

1 . BREAK OPEN [intransitive and transitive] if something bursts, or if you burst it, it breaks open or apart suddenly and violently so that its contents come out:

The pipes had burst and the house was under two feet of water.

2 . be bursting with something to have a lot of something or be filled with something:

John was bursting with ideas and good humour.

The shops are bursting with food.

be bursting with pride/energy/excitement etc

Your mum’s bursting with pride for you.

3 . MOVE SUDDENLY [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to move somewhere suddenly or quickly, especially into or out of a place

burst into/through/in etc

Jo burst into the room.

4 . burst open to open suddenly:

The door burst open and Tom ran into the room.

5 . be bursting to do something informal to want to do something very much:

Zach was bursting to tell them something.

6 . be bursting

a) British English informal to need to go to the toilet very soon

b) ( also be bursting at the seams ) to be so full that nothing else can fit inside

7 . burst sb’s bubble informal to make someone suddenly realize that something is not as good as they thought it was:

Steve was so happy I couldn’t bear to burst his bubble.

8 . burst its banks if a river bursts its banks, water from it goes onto the land

⇨ full (up) to bursting at ↑ full 1 (1), ⇨ burst the bubble at ↑ bubble 1 (6), ⇨ the bubble bursts at ↑ bubble 1 (5)

burst in on/upon somebody/something phrasal verb

to interrupt someone or something by entering a room, in a way that embarrasses you or other people:

I’m sorry to burst in on you like this.

burst into something phrasal verb

1 . to suddenly begin to make a sound, especially to start singing, crying, or laughing:

Claire looked as if she were about to burst into tears.

Suddenly, the group burst into laughter.

Lydia burst into song.

2 . burst into flames/flame to suddenly start to burn very strongly:

Their car crashed and burst into flames.

burst onto/upon/on something phrasal verb

to suddenly appear and become very successful:

The band burst onto the music scene in 1997.

burst out phrasal verb

1 . burst out laughing/crying/singing etc to suddenly start to laugh, cry etc:

Everyone burst out laughing.

2 . to suddenly say something in a forceful way:

‘I don’t believe it!’ she burst out angrily.

⇨ ↑ outburst (1)

II. burst 2 BrE AmE noun [countable]

1 . the act of something bursting or the place where it has burst:

a burst in the water pipe

2 .

a) a short sudden effort or increase in activity

burst of

The van gave a sudden burst of speed.

b) a short sudden and usually loud sound

burst of

sharp bursts of machine gun fire

c) a sudden strong feeling or emotion

burst of anger/enthusiasm/temper etc

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.