Meaning of GRATE in English


I. grate 1 /ɡreɪt/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Medieval Latin ; Origin: crata , grata 'something made of woven sticks' , from Latin cratis ; ⇨ ↑ crate 1 ]

the metal bars and frame that hold the wood, coal etc in a ↑ fireplace

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■ preparing food

▪ grate to cut cheese, carrot etc into small pieces by rubbing it against a special tool:

Grate the cheese and sprinkle it over the top of the pasta.

▪ melt to make butter, chocolate etc become liquid:

Melt the butter, chocolate, and 1 teaspoon of cream over a low heat.

▪ sieve British English , sift American English to put flour or other powders through a ↑ sieve (=tool like a net made of wire, which you use for removing larger grains or pieces) :

Sift the flour and cocoa before adding to the rest of the mixture.

▪ chop to cut something into pieces, especially using a big knife:

Chop up the vegetables.

▪ dice to cut vegetables or meat into small square pieces:

Dice the carrots and then fry them in butter.

▪ season to add salt, pepper etc to food:

Season the meat before grilling.

▪ crush to use a lot of force to break something such as seeds into very small pieces or into a powder:

Add one clove of crushed garlic.

▪ mix to combine different foods together:

Mix together all the ingredients in one bowl.

▪ beat/whisk to mix food together quickly with a fork or other tool:

Whisk the egg whites until they form soft peaks.

▪ stir to turn food around with a spoon:

Stir the sauce gently to prevent burning.

▪ fold something in to gently mix another substance into a mixture:

Fold in the beaten egg whites.

▪ knead to press ↑ dough (=a mixture of flour and water) many times with your hands when you are making bread:

Knead the dough for ten minutes, until smooth.

▪ drizzle to slowly pour a small amount of a liquid onto something:

Drizzle with olive oil.

▪ let something stand to leave something somewhere, before you do something else with it:

Let the mixture stand for a couple of hours so that it cools naturally.

▪ serve to put different foods together as part of a meal:

Serve with rice and a salad.


Serve the aubergines on a bed of lettuce.

II. grate 2 BrE AmE verb

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: grater 'to make marks in a surface' ]

1 . [transitive] to rub cheese, vegetables etc against a rough or sharp surface in order to break them into small pieces:

grated cheese

Peel and grate the potatoes.

2 . [transitive] written to talk in a low rough voice ⇨ hiss :

‘Let me go,’ he grated harshly.

3 . [intransitive] to annoy someone

grate on

Mr Fen had a loud voice that grated on her ears.

4 . [intransitive and transitive] to make an unpleasant sound by rubbing, or to make something do this:

The stones beneath her shoes grated harshly.

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▪ cut to divide something into two or more pieces, especially using a knife or ↑ scissors :

Do you want me to cut the cake?


He cut off the lower branches.

▪ snip to quickly cut something, especially using ↑ scissors :

I snipped the label off.


The hairdresser snipped away at her hair.

▪ slit to make a long narrow cut through something, especially using a knife:

He slit the envelope open with a penknife.


She slit through the plastic covering.

▪ slash to cut something quickly and violently with a knife, making a long thin cut:

Someone had slashed the tyres on his car.


He tried to slash his wrists.

▪ saw to cut wood, using a ↑ saw (=a tool with a row of sharp points) :

Saw the wood to the correct length.

▪ chop to cut wood, vegetables, or meat into pieces:

Bill was outside chopping up firewood with an axe.


They chopped down the old tree.


finely chopped onion

▪ slice to cut bread, meat, or vegetables into thin pieces:

I’ll slice the cucumber.


Slice the bread thinly.

▪ dice to cut vegetables or meat into small square pieces:

First dice the apple into cubes.

▪ grate to cut cheese or a hard vegetable by rubbing it against a special tool:

Grate the cheese and sprinkle it over the vegetables.

▪ peel to cut the outside part off something such as a potato or apple:

I peeled the potatoes and put them in a saucepan.

▪ carve to cut thin pieces from a large piece of meat:

Uncle Ray carved the turkey.

▪ mow to cut the grass in a garden, park etc:

A gardener was mowing the lawn.

▪ trim ( also clip ) to cut a small amount off something, especially to make it look neater:

He was trimming his beard.


Trim the excess fat off the meat.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.