Meaning of GRATE in English



Pronunciation: ' gr ā t

Function: verb

Inflected Form: grat · ed ; grat · ing

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French grater to scratch, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German krazz ō n to scratch

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1 archaic : ABRADE

2 : to reduce to small particles by rubbing on something rough < grate cheese>


4 a : to gnash or grind noisily b : to cause to make a rasping sound c : to utter in a harsh voice

intransitive verb

1 : to rub or rasp noisily

2 : to cause irritation : JAR <a voice that grate s on the nerves>

– grat · er noun

– grat · ing · ly \ ' gr ā -ti ŋ -l ē \ adverb

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.