Meaning of GRATE in English


grate 1

— grateless , adj. — gratelike , adj.

/grayt/ , n. , v. , grated, grating .


1. a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.

2. a framework of parallel or crossed bars, used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.

3. a fireplace.


4. to furnish with a grate or grates.

[ 1350-1400; ME grata a grating, var. of CRATA, deriv. of L crat- (s. of cratis ) wickerwork, hurdle; cf. CRATE ]

grate 2

/grayt/ , v. , grated, grating .


1. to have an irritating or unpleasant effect: His constant chatter grates on my nerves.

2. to make a sound of, or as if of, rough scraping; rasp.

3. to sound harshly; jar: to grate on the ear.

4. to scrape or rub with rough or noisy friction, as one thing on or against another.


5. to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings: to grate a carrot.

6. to rub together with a harsh, jarring sound: to grate one's teeth.

7. to irritate or annoy.

8. Archaic. to wear down or away by rough friction.

[ 1375-1425; late ME graten grater kratzen to scratch ]

Syn. 7. vex, gall, nettle, irk, rile, bug.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .