Meaning of GROWTH in English


growth S3 W1 /ɡrəʊθ $ ɡroʊθ/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ grower , ↑ growth , ↑ undergrowth , ↑ outgrowth , ↑ overgrowth ; adjective : growing, ↑ grown , ↑ overgrown ; verb : ↑ grow , ↑ outgrow ]

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Origin: grow ]

1 . INCREASE [singular, uncountable] an increase in amount, number, or size OPP decline

growth in/of

We’ve seen an enormous growth in the number of businesses using the Web.

the rapid growth of world population

the recent growth of interest in African music

2 . BUSINESS/ECONOMY [singular, uncountable] an increase in the value of goods or services produced and sold by a business or a country OPP decline :

measures to stimulate economic growth

strong/rapid/slow etc growth

a period of rapid growth in the economy

The company is preparing for zero growth (=no growth) this year.

growth area/industry

Debt collection is a huge growth industry.

3 . SIZE/STRENGTH [singular, uncountable] the development of the physical size, strength etc of a person, animal, or plant over a period of time:

Vitamins are essential for healthy growth.

a means of stimulating plant growth

a growth hormone (=substance in the body that causes you to grow)

4 . IMPORTANCE [singular, uncountable] a gradual increase in the importance or influence that something has

growth of

Cinemas declined with the growth of television.

5 . PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT [uncountable] the development of someone’s character, intelligence, or emotions:

A loving home is essential for a child’s personal growth.

emotional/intellectual/spiritual etc growth

the journey toward spiritual growth

6 . DISEASE [countable] a swelling on or inside a person, animal, or plant, caused by disease ⇨ tumour :

a cancerous growth

growth on

a growth on his lung

7 . GROWING THING [uncountable and countable] something that has grown:

Feed the plants to encourage new growth.

His chin bore a thick growth of stubble.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)

■ adjectives

▪ rapid

From the mid 1970s to the mid 1980s there was very rapid growth.

▪ strong

Many industries are expecting strong growth this year.

▪ steady

The business has a history of steady growth.

▪ slow

Economists are forecasting a period of slow growth.

▪ explosive growth (=very fast growth)

India and China are the developing countries with the most potential for explosive growth.

▪ zero growth

The budget was based around a forecast of zero growth in gross domestic product.

▪ economic growth

American aid was meant to kick-start the country’s economic growth.

▪ annual growth

There was an annual growth of 4%.

■ growth + NOUN

▪ a growth area/industry

Nuclear energy will be the main growth area in the energy sector.

▪ the growth rate

The economic growth rate averaged only 1.4 percent.

■ verbs

▪ achieve growth

After the war, Europe achieved remarkable economic growth.

▪ maintain/sustain growth

Governments that want to survive have to maintain growth.

▪ stimulate/encourage/promote growth

Greater government spending may stimulate economic growth.

• • •


▪ increase noun [uncountable and countable] an occasion when the amount or number of something becomes bigger:

There has been a significant increase in violent crime over the past year.


price increases

▪ growth noun [singular, uncountable] an increase in the number, size, or importance of something. Growth is also used when saying that a company or a country’s economy becomes more successful:

The astonishing growth of the Internet has had a dramatic effect on people’s lives.


Japan experienced a period of rapid economic growth.


Many people are concerned about the enormous growth in the world’s population.

▪ rise noun [countable] an increase in the amount of something, or in the standard or level of something:

The latest figures show a sharp rise (=a sudden big rise) in unemployment in the region.


There was a 34 percent rise in the number of armed robberies.


The majority of families experienced a rise in living standards.

▪ surge noun [countable usually singular] a sudden increase in something such as profits, demand, or interest:

There has been a big surge in demand for organically grown food.


We have seen a tremendous surge of interest in Chinese medicine.

▪ gain noun [uncountable and countable] an increase in the amount or level of something - used especially in business or political contexts, or when talking about an increase in someone’s weight:

sales gains


The December job figures show a net gain of 81,000 jobs.


The party has experienced a gain in popularity.


The amount of weight gain during pregnancy varies.

▪ hike noun [countable] informal especially American English a large or sudden increase in prices or taxes - often used in newspaper reports:

Despite a 25% hike in fuel costs, the airline made a profit last year.


tax hikes


wage hikes

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.