Meaning of GUM in English


I. gum 1 /ɡʌm/ BrE AmE noun

[ Sense 1: Language: Old English ; Origin: goma ]

[ Sense 2-5: Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: gomme , from Greek kommi , from Egyptian qmy.t ]

[ Sense 6: Date: 1800-1900 ; Origin: God ]

1 . [countable usually plural] your gums are the two areas of firm pink flesh at the top and bottom of your mouth, in which your teeth are fixed

2 . [uncountable] ↑ chewing gum

3 . [uncountable] British English a type of glue used to stick light things such as paper together

4 . [uncountable] a sticky substance found in the stems of some trees

5 . [countable] a ↑ gum tree

6 . by gum! spoken old-fashioned used to express surprise

II. gum 2 BrE AmE verb ( past tense and past participle gummed , present participle gumming ) [transitive always + adverb/preposition]

British English old-fashioned to stick things together using glue SYN glue

gum something to something

A large label had been gummed to the back of the photograph.

gum something ↔ up phrasal verb informal

to prevent a machine from moving and working properly:

Dirt had got inside the watch and gummed up the works.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.