Meaning of GUM in English


1. n. & v.


1. a a viscous secretion of some trees and shrubs that hardens on drying but is soluble in water (cf. RESIN). b an adhesive substance made from this.

2 US chewing gum.


4 gum arabic.

5 gum-tree.

6 a secretion collecting in the corner of the eye.


--v. (gummed, gumming)

1. tr. smear or cover with gum.

2 tr. (usu. foll. by down, together, etc.) fasten with gum.

3 intr. exude gum.

Phrases and idioms:

gum arabic a gum exuded by some kinds of acacia and used as glue and in incense. gum benjamin benzoin. gum dragon tragacanth. gum juniper sandarac. gum resin a vegetable secretion of resin mixed with gum, e.g. gamboge. gum-tree a tree exuding gum, esp. a eucalyptus. gum up

1. (of a mechanism etc.) become clogged or obstructed with stickiness.

2 colloq. interfere with the smooth running of (gum up the works). up a gum-tree colloq. in great difficulties.

Etymology: ME f. OF gomme ult. f. L gummi, cummi f. Gk kommi f. Egypt. kemai 2. n. (usu. in pl.) the firm flesh around the roots of the teeth.

Phrases and idioms:

gum-shield a pad protecting a boxer's teeth and gums.

Etymology: OE goma rel. to OHG guomo, ON g{oacute}mr roof or floor of the mouth 3. n. colloq. (in oaths) God (by gum!).

Etymology: corrupt. of God

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.