Meaning of REFERENCE in English

I. ref ‧ er ‧ ence 1 S2 W1 /ˈref ə rəns/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ refer , ↑ referee , ↑ reference ; noun : ↑ referee , ↑ reference , ↑ referral ; adjective : ↑ referable ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] part of something you say or write in which you mention a person or thing

reference to

There is no direct reference to her own childhood in the novel.

The article made no reference to previous research on the subject.

The governor made only a passing reference to the problem of unemployment (=he mentioned it quickly) .

2 . [uncountable] the act of looking at something for information

for easy/quick reference

A vocabulary index is included for easy reference.

Keep their price list on file for future reference (=so that it can be looked at in the future) .

The book will become a standard work of reference (=a book that people look at for information) .

3 . reference point ( also point/frame of reference )

a) an idea, fact, event etc that you already know, which helps you understand or make a judgment about another situation:

Lee’s case will be the reference point for lawyers in tomorrow’s trial.

She used her work experience as a frame of reference for her teaching.

b) something that you can see that helps you to know where you are when you are travelling in an area

4 . in/with reference to something formal used to say what you are writing or talking about, especially in business letters:

I am writing to you in reference to the job opening in your department.

5 . [countable]

a) ( also letter of reference ) a letter containing information about you that is written by someone who knows you well, and is usually intended for a new employer:

We will need references from your former employers.

b) a person who provides information about your character and abilities SYN referee :

Ask your teacher to act as one of your references.

6 . [countable] a book, article etc from which information has been obtained:

a comprehensive list of references

7 . [countable] a number that tells you where you can find the information you want in a book, on a map etc:

a list of towns, each with a map reference

⇨ ↑ cross-reference , ⇨ terms of reference at ↑ term 1 (10)

• • •


■ verbs

▪ make reference to something

Official reports made no reference to the incident.

■ phrases

▪ there is a reference to something

There are 32 references to eagles in the Bible.

■ adjectives

▪ a specific/direct/explicit reference (=mentioning something specifically/directly etc)

No specific reference was made to the race of the children.

▪ an oblique reference (=not direct)

He added, in an oblique reference to the US, that ‘some countries could do more’.

▪ a brief reference

Brief references to the tragedy have appeared in the French press.

▪ a passing reference (=one that you make while you are talking about something else)

He made only a passing reference to his injury.

▪ frequent/constant/repeated references

Medieval literature contains frequent references to insanity.

▪ an occasional reference

During the interview, he made only occasional references to his forthcoming autobiography.

II. reference 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive] written

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ refer , ↑ referee , ↑ reference ; noun : ↑ referee , ↑ reference , ↑ referral ; adjective : ↑ referable ]

to mention another book, article etc that contains information connected with the subject you are writing about:

The book does not reference anything written in the last 10 years.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.