Meaning of REFERENCE in English

I. ˈre-fərn(t)s, ˈre-f(ə-)rən(t)s noun

Date: 1589

1. : the act of referring or consulting

2. : a bearing on a matter : relation

in reference to your recent letter

3. : something that refers: as

a. : allusion , mention

b. : something (as a sign or indication) that refers a reader or consulter to another source of information (as a book or passage)

c. : consultation of sources of information

4. : one referred to or consulted: as

a. : a person to whom inquiries as to character or ability can be made

b. : a statement of the qualifications of a person seeking employment or appointment given by someone familiar with the person


(1) : a source of information (as a book or passage) to which a reader or consulter is referred

(2) : a work (as a dictionary or encyclopedia) containing useful facts or information

d. : denotation , meaning

II. adjective

Date: 1856

: used or usable for reference ; especially : constituting a standard for measuring or constructing

III. transitive verb

( -enced ; -enc·ing )

Date: 1891


a. : to supply with references

b. : to cite in or as a reference

2. : to put in a form (as a table) adapted to easy reference

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.