Meaning of SWAMP in English

I. swamp 1 /swɒmp $ swɑːmp/ BrE AmE noun [uncountable and countable]

[ Date: 1600-1700 ; Origin: sump 'swamp' (15-20 centuries) ; ⇨ ↑ sump ]

land that is always very wet or covered with a layer of water

—swampy adjective :

the soft, swampy ground

• • •


▪ marsh an area of low flat ground that is always wet and soft, that often has grasses or ↑ reed s growing in it but no trees:

The low hills you can see are like islands surrounded by the marsh.


Miles of salt marsh (=which has salt water under it because it is near the sea) stretched before us, reaching to the shores of the River Severn.


Hackney Marshes


the rustling of the marsh grass

▪ swamp land that is always very wet or covered with a layer of water, that often has trees growing in it - used especially about areas in hot countries:

the swamps of Florida


Less than 200 years ago, the city was a swamp, infested by mosquitoes.

▪ bog an area of low wet muddy ground, sometimes with bushes or grasses growing in it:

His foot started slowly sinking into the bog.


The destruction of peat bogs is contributing to global warming, according to a report commissioned by Friends of the Earth.

▪ wetland an area of land that is partly covered with water, and that has grasses and other plants growing in it – often used about areas that are important to birds or wildlife:

The ecosystem of the world 's largest wetland, the Pantanal in southwest Brazil, is being threatened by tourists.


wetland birds

▪ fen a large area of low flat wet land - used especially about the area of this type of land in eastern England in Cambridgeshire and Lincolnshire, which is known as the Fens :

He grew up in the Fens


Intensive cultivation and continued drainage of the Fens further accelerates the degradation of the land.

▪ mire literary an area of wet muddy ground, which people and vehicles etc get stuck in:

The wagon was stuck fast in the mire.


The rain was turning the highway into a mire.

II. swamp 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

1 . [usually in passive] to suddenly give someone a lot of work, problems etc to deal with SYN inundate

be swamped by/with something

We’ve been swamped with phone calls since the advert appeared.

2 . [usually in passive] to go somewhere or surround something in large numbers, especially in a short period of time

be swamped by/with something

In the summer the village is swamped by visitors.

3 . to suddenly cover an area with a lot of water SYN flood :

Huge waves swamped the vessel.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.