Meaning of SWAMP in English

I. ˈswamp adjective

Etymology: Middle English (Scots) swampe distended, swollen, hollow

chiefly Scotland : thin , slender

II. ˈswämp, -wȯmp noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: alteration (probably influenced by Low German swampen to quake & Middle High German swamp sponge, fungus) of Middle English sompe swamp, from Middle Dutch somp morass, pool; akin to Middle High German sumpf marsh, Old English swamm sponge, fungus, Old High German swamp sponge, Old Norse svöppr, Gothic swamms sponge, Greek somphos spongy, porous


a. : wet spongy land saturated and sometimes partially or intermittently covered with water : water-logged imperfectly drained land unsuitable for agriculture without artificial drainage ; especially : such land supporting a natural vegetation predominantly of shrubs and trees and often intergrading into grassy marsh on the one hand and wet forest on the other — compare bog

b. : a tract of swamp

2. : a low spot in a coal deposit — compare sump

III. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1. : to fill with or as if with water : inundate , submerge

the boat would probably be swamped as soon as it hit the water — R.S.Porteous

the land is completely swamped by a mantle of ice — H.I.Drever & P.J.Wyllie


a. : to swallow up : overwhelm numerically or by an excess of something : engulf , flood

the creation of sufficient peers to swamp the opposition in the Lords — K.B.Smellie

he was swamped in misgivings — Marcia Davenport

suddenly swamped with orders — Harry Levine

songs and slogans … swamped the country — Dorothy B. Goebel

b. : to beat decisively or destroy completely : defeat , ruin

the sailors swamped the Springhill squad 13-6 — Crowsnest

an organization of saboteurs … was promptly swamped before it could get going — R.E.Danielson


a. : to clear out ; especially : to open a passageway by removing underbrush or trees

by ox-sled in the summer of 1824, swamping a road as he came — American Guide Series: New Hampshire

— usually used with out

crews … swamped out small landing strips by hand so that larger planes could come in with grading equipment — H.W.Richardson

b. : to trim off the branches of (a felled tree) to facilitate skidding : limb

intransitive verb

: to become inundated or submerged : flood , sink

ore ships will be filled with sea water until they nearly swamp — Newsweek

a wild-sage smell swamps in through doors and windows — H.W.Stoke

Synonyms: see overpower

IV. noun

: a difficult or troublesome situation or object

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.