Meaning of QUALITY in English



Pronunciation: ' kwä-l ə -t ē

Function: noun

Inflected Form: plural -ties

Etymology: Middle English qualite, from Anglo-French qualité, from Latin qualitat-, qualitas, from qualis of what kind; akin to Latin qui who ― more at WHO

Date: 14th century

1 a : peculiar and essential character : NATURE <her ethereal quality ― Gay Talese> b : an inherent feature : PROPERTY <had a quality of stridence, dissonance ― Roald Dahl> c : CAPACITY , ROLE <in the quality of reader and companion ― Joseph Conrad>

2 a : degree of excellence : GRADE <the quality of competing air service ― Current Biog. > b : superiority in kind <merchandise of quality >

3 a : social status : RANK b : ARISTOCRACY

4 a : a distinguishing attribute : CHARACTERISTIC <possesses many fine qualities > b archaic : an acquired skill : ACCOMPLISHMENT

5 : the character in a logical proposition of being affirmative or negative

6 : vividness of hue

7 a : TIMBRE b : the identifying character of a vowel sound determined chiefly by the resonance of the vocal chambers in uttering it

8 : the attribute of an elementary sensation that makes it fundamentally unlike any other sensation

synonyms QUALITY , PROPERTY , CHARACTER , ATTRIBUTE mean an intelligible feature by which a thing may be identified. QUALITY is a general term applicable to any trait or characteristic whether individual or generic <material with a silky quality >. PROPERTY implies a characteristic that belongs to a thing's essential nature and may be used to describe a type or species <the property of not conducting heat>. CHARACTER applies to a peculiar and distinctive quality of a thing or a class <remarks of an unseemly character >. ATTRIBUTE implies a quality ascribed to a thing or a being <the traditional attributes of a military hero>.

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.