Meaning of DRIVE in English

DRIVE

I. ˈdrīv verb

( drove ˈdrōv ; driv·en ˈdri-vən ; driv·ing ˈdrī-viŋ)

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English drīfan; akin to Old High German trīban to drive

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to frighten or prod (as game or cattle) into moving in a desired direction

b. : to go through (an area) driving game animals

2. : to carry on or through energetically

drive s a hard bargain

3.

a. : to impart a forward motion to by physical force

waves drove the boat ashore

b. : to repulse, remove, or cause to go by force, authority, or influence

drive the enemy back

c. : to set or keep in motion or operation

drive machinery by electricity

d. basketball : to move quickly and forcefully down or along

drive the lane

drive the baseline

4.

a. : to direct the motions and course of (a draft animal)

b. : to operate the mechanism and controls and direct the course of (as a vehicle)

drive a car

c. : to convey in a vehicle

his father drove me home

d. : to float (logs) down a stream

5.

a. : to exert inescapable or coercive pressure on : force

driven by his passions

b. : to compel to undergo or suffer a change (as in situation or emotional state)

drove him crazy

drove her out of business

c. : to urge relentlessly to continuous exertion

the sergeant drove his recruits

d. : to press or force into an activity, course, or direction

the drug habit drive s addicts to steal

e. : to project, inject, or impress incisively

drove her point home

6. : to force (a passage) by pressing or digging

7.

a. : to propel (an object of play) swiftly or forcefully

drove a long fly ball to the warning track

b. : to hit (a golf ball) from the tee especially with a driver ; also : to drive a golf ball onto (a green)

c. : to cause (a run or runner) to be scored in baseball — usually used with in

8. : to give shape or impulse to

factors that drive the business cycle

the ideas that have driven history

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to dash, plunge, or surge ahead rapidly or violently

b. : to progress with strong momentum

the rain was driving hard

c. : to make a quick and forceful move in basketball

driving to the hoop

2.

a. : to operate a vehicle

b. : to have oneself carried in a vehicle

3. : to drive a golf ball

Synonyms: see move

• driv·abil·i·ty also drive·abil·i·ty ˌdrī-və-ˈbi-lə-tē noun

• driv·able also drive·able ˈdrī-və-bəl adjective

- drive at

II. noun

Usage: often attributive

Date: 1785

1. : an act of driving:

a. : a trip in a carriage or automobile

a short drive to the coast

b. : a collection and driving together of animals ; also : the animals gathered

c. : a driving of cattle or sheep overland

d. : a hunt or shoot in which the game is driven within the hunter's range

e. : the guiding of logs downstream to a mill ; also : the floating logs amassed in a drive

f.

(1) : the act or an instance of driving an object of play (as a golf ball)

(2) : the flight of a ball

a high drive to left field

2.

a. : a private road : driveway

b. : a public road for driving (as in a park)

3. : the state of being hurried and under pressure

4.

a. : a strong systematic group effort

a fund-raising drive

b. : a sustained offensive effort

the drive ended in a touchdown

5.

a. : the means for giving motion to a machine or machine part

b. : the means by which the propulsive power of an automobile is applied to the road

front wheel drive

c. : the means by which the propulsion of an automotive vehicle is controlled and directed

a left-hand drive

6.

a. : an offensive, aggressive, or expansionist move ; especially : a strong military attack against enemy-held terrain

b. : a quick and aggressive move toward the basket in basketball

7.

a. : an urgent, basic, or instinctual need : a motivating physiological condition of an organism

a sexual drive

b. : an impelling culturally acquired concern, interest, or longing

the drive to succeed

c. : dynamic quality

8. : a device for reading or writing on magnetic or optical media (as tapes or disks)

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.