Meaning of EXPERIMENT in English

EXPERIMENT

I. ik-ˈsper-ə-mənt also -ˈspir- noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French esperiment, from Latin experimentum, from experiri

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : test , trial

make another experiment of his suspicion — Shakespeare

b. : a tentative procedure or policy

c. : an operation or procedure carried out under controlled conditions in order to discover an unknown effect or law, to test or establish a hypothesis, or to illustrate a known law

2. obsolete : experience

3. : the process of testing : experimentation

II. -ˌment intransitive verb

Date: 1787

: to carry out experiments : try out a new procedure, idea, or activity

• ex·per·i·men·ta·tion ik-ˌsper-ə-mən-ˈtā-shən, -ˌmen- also -ˌspir- noun

• ex·per·i·ment·er -ˈsper-ə-ˌmen-tər also -ˈspir- noun

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.