Meaning of EXPERIMENT in English

EXPERIMENT

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a bold experiment

Making a film from the book was a bold experiment, and it worked.

carry out an experiment

Many schools need better facilities for carrying out scientific experiments.

carry out an experiment

Many schools need better facilities for carrying out scientific experiments.

conduct a test/experiment

Investigators will be conducting tests to determine how the man died.

controlled experiment

a controlled experiment to determine the effects of light on plant growth

devise an experiment/test

He devised a series of experiments to test his theory.

experiment with drugs (= try taking drugs )

She admitted that she had experimented with drugs.

laboratory tests/experiments/studies

perform an experiment/study etc

Part of the Chemistry exam involves performing an experiment.

table-top experiment

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

early

However, ten years later one of Marconi's earliest experiments took place there.

In early experiments I actually used Guinness in the dough but it is too costly.

The early fusion experiments looked as if they were making great strides toward the desired goal.

Early subjects of time study were the locomotive tires Taylor had used in his earliest metal-cutting experiments .

The earlier experiments show that the top and bottom halves are not equally sensitive.

An early experiment in 1963 using explosives had not been a success, and in 1981 the geophysicists turned to Vibroseis.

While the idea of such interactions could be inferred from earlier experiments , here the result was much more dramatic and clear-cut.

recent

A recent beautiful experiment by Aspect and his collaborators adds convincing confirmation of quantum mechanics rather than local reality.

The inference had been widely accepted, until a more recent experiment .

But recent experiments have called that finding, and much else, into question.

However, recent basin development experiments have suggested that observed stratigraphic effects could be a normal consequence of basin development.

Whereas swallowed saliva contains bicarbonate, recent experiments have also demonstrated alkali secretion from the mammalian oesophagus.

scientific

Chewing gives psychological satisfaction, and even in scientific experiments the chewing of gum has been found to help reduce tension.

Explain to the class that they are going to conduct a scientific experiment using only a strip of paper.

One day, I promise myself, I will make a scientific experiment .

When Challenger called by this morning, he described a scientific experiment to me of a very similar sort.

This has been shown in several scientific experiments which invariably indicate that overweight people eat more quickly than slim people.

With his men properly nourished, Cook had all hands available to carry out scientific experiments and explorations.

Additionally, few primary schools have the equipment or facilities to carry out scientific experiments as the syllabus suggests.

The three Skylab crews spent a combined time of over 3000 hours conducting scientific experiments in Earth orbit.

simple

We may conclude that he never had recourse to this simple experiment .

Putting a chameleon on a mirror seemed a simple enough experiment that I thought that even a writer could perform it.

Experiments with water Older preschoolers will enjoy these simple experiments , which will need your supervision and explanation.

This simple experiment was not undoing the clock; it was undoing civilization.

They did the simple experiment and of course found that he was not!

What initially sounded like a simple experiment in fact required a great deal of effort.

The use of these routes can be demonstrated in simple laboratory experiments which measure the time taken to start pronouncing single words.

Teachers are shown how to carry out many simple experiments .

■ NOUN

laboratory

The processes themselves A major complication, however, is that the environment can rarely be treated as in a laboratory experiment .

Conventional psychology's principal methodological demand is for the kind of objectivity promised by the laboratory experiment .

We revealed that monkeys from Longleat and Woburn safari parks have been sold for laboratory experiments .

This section looks briefly at some of the basic ideas and illustrates them with the results of some laboratory experiments .

The laboratory experiment is an obvious case of control, since a complete situation is created by and for the observer.

It has to incorporate a wide range of factors and develop methods of investigation other than laboratory experiments .

Studies of turbulent flows centre on laboratory experiments .

The use of these routes can be demonstrated in simple laboratory experiments which measure the time taken to start pronouncing single words.

■ VERB

begin

He called meetings to solicit their views and thus began his own experiments with what was effectively community architecture.

But Robichaux is ready to begin the experiments with local food sources.

And he began experiments in which half the belts conformed to existing practice, while half were made three times heavier.

The salt crystals spontaneously began to change to fern shapes whenever the experiment began.

More recently, the college has begun to experiment with products whose design and manufacture the students carry out over several semesters.

It was on the last day of 1988 that he began the experiments whose data were to appear in the published paper.

I hesitated for a long time before I began my experiment .

carry

We could, I suppose, have carried out such an experiment without the drastic consequences the Lieutenant has suggested.

These include the deployment and retrieval of a NASA-owned spacecraft called Spartan, which carries a half-dozen experiments .

The data will be analysed and a decision made as to whether to carry out a similar experiment during the busy summer months.

With his men properly nourished, Cook had all hands available to carry out scientific experiments and explorations.

Leading voice: Town Crier Alan Booth beat 75 schoolchildren when they carried out an experiment on shouting.

The alchemist would burn incense and douse himself in specially prepared perfumes before carrying out his experiments .

One approach is to carry out experiments with a digitizing table in order to determine empirically an appropriate distribution for digitizing errors.

There is a chance to carry out your own experiments , a steam railway, and a special laboratory for young people.

conduct

Students worked from textbooks which explain how to conduct the experiment and the sorts of results one would expect to get.

Explain to the class that they are going to conduct a scientific experiment using only a strip of paper.

But she showed no particular desire to conduct the experiments herself.

They have been conducting a series of experiments and observations on the topic of nutrition.

The three Skylab crews spent a combined time of over 3000 hours conducting scientific experiments in Earth orbit.

They conduct flight pattern experiments with paper airplanes in science laboratories with the rest of the student body.

The aim of the present research is to develop this framework by deriving testable propositions and conducting appropriate experiments .

In my opinion, Don Quixote was conducting an experiment .

demonstrate

This has been demonstrated by experiments with captive starlings, using the technique of displacing the sun's image with mirrors.

The use of these routes can be demonstrated in simple laboratory experiments which measure the time taken to start pronouncing single words.

describe

I describe experiments making use of this criterion in the following chapter.

He was worried that he would have to get up and describe an experiment that no one had reproduced.

In the next chapter, we describe a series of experiments designed to explore the extent of this problem.

When Challenger called by this morning, he described a scientific experiment to me of a very similar sort.

So now we should describe the actual experiments in more detail.

Perhaps it was a mistake to describe both sets of experiments in one single account.

Creating a living wonder at the scale of Bio2 could only be described as an experiment in sustained chaos.

design

The craft of glass blowing is vital to science, especially when researchers design experiments for which no containers are available.

We design and perform an experiment , or make observations, according to a preformed set of ideas or concepts in our mind.

We therefore set out to design an experiment with a younger, more appropriately matched control population.

And biologists at universities are wary of spending years designing an experiment that may be postponed or lost in space.

You will be asked to design experiments and be given other problems to solve.

The major concern in designing an experiment to meet the criteria given above was to avoid obtaining ceiling effects.

It designs its own experiments to confirm what mere observation might suggest.

perform

Originally this means of disposal was performed as an experiment to assess what happened to the radioactive material.

In other words, Heisenberg pointed out that bodies, not detached minds, perform experiments .

Cairns-Smith invites us to perform the following experiment .

We will perform the experiment as before, but this time in pitch darkness.

We design and perform an experiment , or make observations, according to a preformed set of ideas or concepts in our mind.

I merely want you to perform an experiment .

She performs unnatural experiments on prisoners in the concentration camps.

Contrary to the popular myth, Galileo seems to have performed few experiments in mechanics.

repeat

A researcher reports a particular result, and to verify it other scientists repeat the same experiment in their own labs.

That evening I repeat the experiment with a little lamb.

She repeated the experiment several times.

We repeat the experiment over and over.

We repeated the experiments with a precursor for protein and found that an increase in protein synthesis occurred also.

Still, sooner or later, some one will have to repeat the experiment .

But intra-regional conflict destroyed this initiative and made Moscow reluctant to repeat this kind of experiment .

I repeated the experiment with atoms, and then with whole molecules.

set

The game begins with an animated sequence showing the Baron stomping around his laboratory, setting up the experiment .

And they don't often have time to set up experiments .

These factors will be taken one at a time, and the scientist will set up experiments to test them.

If this sounds cynical, it is not difficult to set up a simple experiment .

It is both wasteful and irresponsible to set experiments in motion and omit to record and analyse what happens.

This is relevant in possibly saving experimenters some time in setting up experiments .

All seemed set for an experiment in unity.

He bought some palladium and set up an experiment .

show

How great the effect of the interfaces may be is shown by a famous experiment of Professor Orowan's with mica.

This has been shown in several scientific experiments which invariably indicate that overweight people eat more quickly than slim people.

This is shown by experiments with humanity's nearest living relative, the chimpanzee.

The same result showed up in rural experiments .

test

The hypothesis can therefore be tested by clock-shifting experiments .

I have tested this by experiment .

try

Second, we can try modern experiments .

Doubters should try their own experiment .

If you are really desperate you can use ordinary brown gummed paper tape as hinges but do try and experiment first.

Whenever you get stuck feeling you have no time, try that little thought experiment .

How well do you know your own Faces? Try this experiment .

Here were two great people who have both tried the experiment of Communism in the hope of modernization.

If you try this linguistic experiment some groups object, you try out that, some other groups object.

Some, like Faraday, were highly sceptical but prepared to try an experiment or two.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

run a check/test/experiment etc

I also ran a check on my own records, I should add.

It had been switched off after two senior doctors had twice run tests on the patient before declaring him dead.

There is no incentive to run tests and analyse the results.

They ran tests and took x-rays, then I was called in to hear the results.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

In one experiment , the men were not allowed to sleep and then were tested on how well they were able to concentrate.

The elderly people were taught meditation in the 12-week experiment .

The Institute plans to conduct no further experiments on monkeys.

They are doing experiments to learn more about the affects of alcohol on the brain.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

All three of the experiments you did are related to the center of gravity in your body.

Faced with such a question the theorist has to repair to a mental laboratory where he conducts thought experiments.

In the classical conditioning experiment , the two stimuli were presented simultaneously.

In three other experiments fluid transport in the jejunum was nil.

Laboratory experiments have proven that unfamiliar surroundings and a change in daily schedule can lead to sleep problems.

The experiment has not been done, and it is hard to imagine its getting a grant.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

on

The group claims more than 150 monkeys like this have been experimented on at Oxford University.

■ NOUN

drug

This must be what people tell themselves when they start experimenting with drugs .

He began experimenting with drugs when he was 13.

He was just seventeen when he began experimenting with drugs , shooting heroin into his arm.

He began experimenting with different drugs and drank excessively.

idea

The Weather Department is always experimenting with new ideas .

Ronald Reagan is the only modern presidential candidate to experiment with that idea , selecting Pennsylvania Sen.

ways

Ideal conditions then saw steady progress and plenty of time to experiment with different ways of getting rid of straw.

He spread the word to his fellow monks, who experimented with other ways to consume the berries.

Take some time to read around the subject of stress, and to experiment with new ways of coping.

■ VERB

try

Record a backing tape with this chord and try experimenting with the mode.

He tried experimenting with various catalysts at these higher temperatures, again without results.

Use styling products that are designed to add volume and try experimenting with heated rollers to add body and waves.

But why not try experimenting with a contrasting thread?

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Another possibility that I have experimented with once or twice is creating a monogram in flowers.

At fifteen he began to experiment with various water turbines.

Considerable work has also been undertaken to develop new blends using wool and experimenting with new man made fibres and dyestuffs.

He also experimented with photography, and did significant early work with X-rays from 1896, and with radio waves from 1897.

Ronald Reagan is the only modern presidential candidate to experiment with that idea, selecting Pennsylvania Sen.

She had black kinky hair that she experimented with a lot.

She was experimenting with a risotto when Ron Paget appeared at the door.

Want to experiment with digital images?

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.