Meaning of GATE in English

GATE

I. ˈgāt noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English geat; akin to Old Norse gat opening

Date: before 12th century

1. : an opening in a wall or fence

2. : a city or castle entrance often with defensive structures (as towers)

3.

a. : the frame or door that closes a gate

b. : a movable barrier (as at a grade crossing)

4.

a. : a means of entrance or exit

b. : starting gate

c. : an area (as at a railroad station or an airport) for departure or arrival

d. : a space between two markers through which a competitor must pass in the course of a slalom race

5.

a. : a door, valve, or other device for controlling the passage especially of a fluid

b.

(1) : an electronic switch that allows or prevents the flow of current in a circuit

(2) : an electrode in a field-effect transistor that modulates the current flowing through the transistor according to the voltage applied to the electrode — compare drain , source

c. : a device (as in a computer) that outputs a signal when specified input conditions are met

logic gate

d. : a molecule or part of a molecule that acts (as by a change in conformation) in response to a stimulus to permit or block passage (as of ions) through a cell membrane

6. slang : dismissal

gave him the gate

7. : the total admission receipts or the number of spectators (as at a sports event)

II. transitive verb

( gat·ed ; gat·ing )

Date: 1835

1. British : to punish by confinement to a campus or dormitory

2. : to supply with a gate

3. : to control by means of a gate

III. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old Norse gata road; akin to Old High German gazza road

Date: 13th century

1. archaic : way , path

2. dialect : method , style

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.