Meaning of GOOD in English

GOOD

I. ˈgu̇d adjective

( bet·ter ˈbe-tər ; best ˈbest)

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English gōd; akin to Old High German guot good, Middle High German gatern to unite, Sanskrit gadhya what one clings to

Date: before 12th century

1.

a.

(1) : of a favorable character or tendency

good news

(2) : bountiful , fertile

good land

(3) : handsome , attractive

good looks

b.

(1) : suitable , fit

good to eat

(2) : free from injury or disease

one good arm

(3) : not depreciated

bad money drives out good

(4) : commercially sound

a good risk

(5) : that can be relied on

good for another year

good for a hundred dollars

always good for a laugh

(6) : profitable , advantageous

made a very good deal

c.

(1) : agreeable , pleasant

had a good time

(2) : salutary , wholesome

good for a cold

(3) : amusing , clever

a good joke

d.

(1) : of a noticeably large size or quantity : considerable

won by a good margin

a good bit of the time

(2) : full

waited a good hour

(3) — used as an intensive

a good many of us

e.

(1) : well-founded , cogent

good reasons

(2) : true

holds good for society at large

(3) : deserving of respect : honorable

in good standing

(4) : legally valid or effectual

good title

f.

(1) : adequate , satisfactory

good care

— often used in faint praise

his serve is only good — Frank Deford

(2) : conforming to a standard

good English

(3) : choice , discriminating

good taste

(4) : containing less fat and being less tender than higher grades — used of meat and especially of beef

2.

a.

(1) : virtuous , right , commendable

a good person

good conduct

(2) : kind , benevolent

good intentions

b. : upper-class

a good family

c. : competent , skillful

a good doctor

d.

(1) : loyal

a good party man

a good Catholic

(2) : close

a good friend

e. : free from infirmity or sorrow

I feel good

• good·ish ˈgu̇-dish adjective

- as good as

- as good as gold

- good and

Usage:

An old notion that it is wrong to say “I feel good” in reference to health still occasionally appears in print. The origins of this notion are obscure, but they seem to combine someone's idea that good should be reserved to describe virtue and uncertainty about whether an adverb or an adjective should follow feel. Today nearly everyone agrees that both good and well can be predicate adjectives after feel. Both are used to express good health, but good may connote good spirits in addition to good health.

II. noun

Date: before 12th century

1.

a. : something that is good

b.

(1) : something conforming to the moral order of the universe

(2) : praiseworthy character : goodness

c. : a good element or portion

2.

a. : advancement of prosperity or well-being

the good of the community

it's for your own good

b. : something useful or beneficial

it's no good trying

3.

a. : something that has economic utility or satisfies an economic want

b. plural : personal property having intrinsic value but usually excluding money, securities, and negotiable instruments

c. plural : cloth

d. plural : something manufactured or produced for sale : wares, merchandise

canned good s

e. plural , British : freight

4. : good persons — used with the

5. plural

a. : the qualities required to achieve an end

b. : proof of wrongdoing

didn't have the good s on him — T. G. Cooke

- for good

- in good with

- to the good

III. adverb

Date: 13th century

1. : well

he showed me how good I was doing — Herbert Gold

2. — used as an intensive

a good 200 pounds

a good long time

Usage:

Adverbial good has been under attack from the schoolroom since the 19th century. Insistence on well rather than good has resulted in a split in connotation: well is standard, neutral, and colorless, while good is emotionally charged and emphatic. This makes good the adverb of choice in sports

“I'm seeing the ball real good ” is what you hear — Roger Angell

In such contexts as

listen up. And listen good — Alex Karras

lets fly with his tomatoes before they can flee. He gets Clarence good — Charles Dickinson

good cannot be adequately replaced by well. Adverbial good is primarily a spoken form; in writing it occurs in reported and fictional speech and in generally familiar or informal contexts.

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.