Meaning of GUARD in English

GUARD

I. ˈgärd noun

Etymology: Middle English garde, from Anglo-French garde, guarde, warde, from garder, guarder, warder, to guard, defend, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German wartēn to watch, take care — more at ward

Date: 15th century

1. : one assigned to protect or oversee another: as

a. : a person or a body of persons on sentinel duty

b. plural : troops attached to the person of the sovereign

c. British : conductor b

2.

a. : a defensive state or attitude

asked him out when his guard was down

b. : a defensive position (as in boxing)

3.

a. : the act or duty of protecting or defending

b. : the state of being protected : protection

4. : a protective or safety device ; specifically : a device for protecting a machine part or the operator of a machine

5. archaic : precaution

6.

a. : a position or player next to the center in a football line

b. : a player stationed in the backcourt in basketball

- off guard

- on guard

II. verb

Date: 1500

transitive verb

1. : to protect an edge of with an ornamental border

2.

a. : to protect from danger especially by watchful attention : make secure

police guard ing our cities

b. : to stand at the entrance of as if on guard or as a barrier

c. : to tend to carefully : preserve , protect

guard ed their privacy

3. archaic : escort

4.

a. : to watch over so as to prevent escape, disclosure, or indiscretion

b. : to attempt to prevent (an opponent) from playing effectively or scoring

intransitive verb

: to watch by way of caution or defense : stand guard

Synonyms: see defend

• guard·er noun

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.