Meaning of GUARD in English

GUARD

I. ˈgärd, ˈgȧd noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English garde, from Middle French, from Old French garde, guarde, from garder, guarder, v.

1. : one that defends against injury, danger, or attack

his greatness was no guard to bar heaven's shaft — Shakespeare

as

a. : a bowl or stone played to a position where it protects another from attack in bowls or curling

b. : a low card held with a valuable higher card in the same suit

c.

(1) : one of two players on either side of the center in the line in football

(2) : either of two players stationed at the rear of the court in basketball whose play is primarily defensive

2. : a man or body of men stationed to protect or control a person or position: as

a. : a soldier, sailor, marine, or airman or a number of them on guard duty

guards were posted about the army camp

slipped past the palace guards

b. guards plural : troops attached to the person of a ruler (as a sovereign or governor)

Royal Horse Guards

Governor's Foot Guards

Grenadier Guards

Dragoon Guards

c. : a group loyal to a defeated person or to an outmoded principle

an Old Guard Republican

d.

(1) Britain : a railroad conductor

(2) : a brakeman or gateman (as on a train of an elevated railroad or subway)

e. : one who is responsible for the safety and discipline of inmates of a prison, reformatory, or other place of detention while they are within the institution, in transit to or from the institution, or on work detail

f. : an officer of a society (as a secret order) whose duty it is to prevent intrusion by nonmembers

g. : a gateman or watchman of a building or plant

3. obsolete : an ornamental trimming of lace or embroidery on the edge of a garment

4.

a. : a state of watchfulness and readiness against danger : state of standing in defense of a person or thing against possible injury, attack, or theft

standing guard over the treasure

b. : the service or duties of one who keeps military watch

assigned to guard duty on the border

5.

a. : a posture of defense (as in fencing or boxing) : the position of the body or the arms in defense

got a blow in under his guard

caught him off guard

kept his guard up to protect his face

b. : the position of a cricketer's bat held perpendicularly at a point where it will stop a straight bowled ball that would otherwise hit the wicket

6. : a fixture or attachment designed to protect or secure against injury, soiling, defacement, theft, or loss: as

a. : the part of a sword hilt that protects the hand

b. : a chain or band for holding in place or safeguarding from loss

belt guard

watch guard

c. : guard ring 1

d. : trigger guard

e. : fender

f. Britain : pilot 4a

7.

a. : a piece of protective body armor

nose guard

b. : any of various devices worn by contestants as a protection against injury to some part

shin guard

c. : the hard calcareous fusiform or subcylindrical piece which ensheathes the phragmacone and forms the rear end of the shell of belemnites — called also rostrum

8.

a. : a fence or rail to prevent falling from the deck of a ship

b. guards plural : an extension of the deck of a ship beyond the hull ; especially : the framework of timber in a side-wheel steamship protecting the paddle wheel and shaft

9.

a. : a projecting paper or cloth strip bound with book leaves onto which an insert (as a map or folding plate) is fastened — called also stub

b. : a narrow leaf usually 1/2 to 3/4 inches wide that compensates for an object mounted to a full page (as in a scrapbook or album) — called also stub

c. : the supporting paper applied in rebinding to the broken folds of the leaves of a book before sewing

d. : a paper or cloth strip added to the fold of the first and last section of a book for additional strength

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle French garder, from Old French garder, guarder to ward, guard, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German wartēn to watch, take care — more at ward

transitive verb

1. : to finish and protect an edge of with an ornamental border or lace edging

2.

a. : to protect from danger : defend , shield

b. : to stand on the border or at the entrance of as if on guard

lawns guarded by stately elms

or as a barrier

rapids guarding the lower reaches of the river

c. : to protect (a card or a man) in a game by safeguards or support

forced to discard diamonds in order to guard the king of clubs

the separated pawns could not both be guarded

3. archaic : to accompany for protection : escort

4.

a. : to watch over so as to prevent escape

a closely guarded secret

guard a prisoner

or restrain from violence or indiscretion

warned her to guard her tongue in the presence of these people — L.C.Douglas

b. of a player in a goal game : to maintain a position so as to prevent (an opponent) from playing effectively

5. : to furnish with proper checks or corrections : safeguard

guard an experiment

6. : to equip (as a book, a machine, a window) with a guard

intransitive verb

: to watch by way of caution or defense : be in a state or position of defense

hitting with his right, guarding with his left

: stand guard : take precautions

guard against mistakes by double-checking

Synonyms: see defend

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.