Meaning of LOWER in English


I. ˈlau̇(-ə)r, ˈlō-ər intransitive verb

also lour ˈlau̇(-ə)r

Etymology: Middle English louren; akin to Middle High German lūren to lie in wait

Date: 13th century

1. : to look sullen : frown

2. : to be or become dark, gloomy, and threatening

an overcast sky lower ed over the village

II. noun

also lour

Date: 14th century

: frown

III. ˈlō-ər adjective

Etymology: low (III)

Date: 13th century

1. : relatively low in position, rank, or order

2. : southern

lower New York State

3. : less advanced in the scale of evolutionary development


a. : situated or held to be situated beneath the earth's surface

b. capitalized : being an earlier epoch or series of the period or system named

Lower Cretaceous

Lower Paleolithic

5. : constituting the popular and often the larger and more representative branch of a bicameral legislative body

lower house

IV. ˈlō-ər

Date: 1606

intransitive verb

: to move down : drop ; also : diminish

transitive verb


a. : to let descend : let down

b. : to depress as to direction

lower your aim

c. : to reduce the height of


a. : to reduce in value, number, or amount


(1) : to bring down in quality or character : degrade

(2) : abase , humble

c. : to reduce the objective of

- lower the boom

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.