Meaning of PILE in English

I. ˈpī(-ə)l noun

Etymology: Middle English, dart, quill, pole driven into the ground, from Old English pīl, from Latin pilum javelin

Date: 12th century

1. : a long slender column usually of timber, steel, or reinforced concrete driven into the ground to carry a vertical load

2. : a wedge-shaped heraldic charge usually placed vertically with the broad end up


a. : a target-shooting arrowhead without cutting edges


[Latin pilum ]

: an ancient Roman foot soldier's heavy javelin

II. transitive verb

( piled ; pil·ing )

Date: 15th century

: to drive piles into

III. verb

( piled ; pil·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from pile (IV)

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1. : to lay or place in a pile : stack


a. : to heap in abundance : load

piled potatoes on his plate

b. : to collect little by little into a mass — usually used with up

intransitive verb

1. : to form a pile or accumulation — usually used with up

2. : to move or press forward in or as if in a mass : crowd

piled into a car

IV. noun

Etymology: Middle English pier of a bridge, stack, heap, from Middle French pille pier of a bridge, from Latin pila pillar

Date: 15th century



(1) : a quantity of things heaped together

(2) : a heap of wood for burning a corpse or a sacrifice

b. : any great number or quantity : lot

2. : a large building or group of buildings

3. : a great amount of money : fortune

4. : reactor 3b

V. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French peil, pil hair, coat with thick nap, from Latin pilus hair

Date: 15th century

1. : a coat or surface of usually short close fine furry hairs

2. : a velvety surface produced by an extra set of filling yarns that form raised loops which are cut and sheared

• pile·less ˈpī(-ə)l-ləs adjective

VI. noun

Etymology: Middle English pilez, plural, from Medieval Latin pili, perhaps from Latin pila ball

Date: 15th century

1. : a single hemorrhoid

2. plural : hemorrhoids

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.