Meaning of RUIN in English

RUIN

I. ˈrü-ən, -ˌin; ˈrün noun

Etymology: Middle English ruine, from Anglo-French, from Latin ruina, from ruere to rush headlong, fall, collapse

Date: 12th century

1.

a. archaic : a falling down : collapse

from age to age…the crash of ruin fitfully resounds — William Wordsworth

b. : physical, moral, economic, or social collapse

2.

a. : the state of being ruined — archaic except in plural

the city lay in ruin s

b. : the remains of something destroyed — usually used in plural

the ruin s of an ancient temple

the ruin s of his life

3. : a cause of destruction

4.

a. : the action of destroying, laying waste, or wrecking

b. : damage , injury

5. : a ruined building, person, or object

• ru·in·ate ˈrü-ə-ˌnāt, -nət adjective

• ruinate -ˌnāt transitive verb

II. verb

Date: 1585

transitive verb

1. : to reduce to ruins : devastate

2.

a. : to damage irreparably

b. : bankrupt , impoverish

ruin ed by stock speculation

3. : to subject to frustration, failure, or disaster

will ruin your chances of promotion

intransitive verb

: to become ruined

• ru·in·er noun

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.