Meaning of SPREAD in English

SPREAD

I. ˈspred verb

( spread ; spread·ing )

Etymology: Middle English spreden, from Old English -sprǣdan; akin to Old High German spreiten to spread

Date: 13th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to open or expand over a larger area

spread out the map

b. : to stretch out : extend

spread its wings for flight

2.

a. : to distribute over an area

spread fertilizer

b. : to distribute over a period or among a group

spread the work over a few weeks

c. : to apply on a surface

spread butter on bread

d.

(1) : to cover or overlay something with

spread the cloth on the table

(2) archaic : to cover completely

e.

(1) : to prepare or furnish for dining : set

spread the table

(2) : serve

spread the afternoon tea

3.

a. : to make widely known

spread the news

b. : to extend the range or incidence of

spread a disease

c. : diffuse , emit

flowers spread ing their fragrance

4. : to push apart by weight or force

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to become dispersed, distributed, or scattered

b. : to become known or disseminated

panic spread rapidly

2. : to grow in length or breadth : expand

3. : to move apart (as from pressure or weight) : separate

• spread·abil·i·ty ˌspre-də-ˈbi-lə-tē noun

• spread·able ˈspre-də-bəl adjective

II. noun

Date: 1626

1.

a. : the act or process of spreading

b. : extent of spreading

2. : something spread out: as

a. : a surface area : expanse

b.

(1) : a ranch or homestead especially in the western United States

(2) West : a herd of animals

c.

(1) : a prominent display in a periodical

(2) : two facing pages (as of a newspaper) usually with matter running across the fold ; also : the matter occupying these pages

3. : something spread on or over a surface: as

a. : a food to be spread (as on bread or crackers)

a cheese spread

b. : a sumptuous meal : feast

c. : a cloth cover for a table or bed

4. : distance between two points : gap

5. : a commodities market transaction in which a participant hedges with simultaneous long and short options in different commodities or different delivery dates in the same commodity

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.