Meaning of WIND in English

WIND

I. ˈwind, archaic or poetic ˈwīnd noun

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English; akin to Old High German wint wind, Latin ventus, Greek aēnai to blow, Sanskrit vāti it blows

Date: before 12th century

1.

a. : a natural movement of air of any velocity ; especially : the earth's air or the gas surrounding a planet in natural motion horizontally

b. : an artificially produced movement of air

c. : solar wind , stellar wind

2.

a. : a destructive force or influence

b. : a force or agency that carries along or influences : tendency , trend

withstood the wind s of popular opinion — Felix Frankfurter

3.

a. : breath 4a

b. : breath 2a

c. : the pit of the stomach : solar plexus

4. : gas generated in the stomach or the intestines

pass wind

5.

a. : compressed air or gas

b. archaic : air

6. : something that is insubstantial: as

a. : mere talk : idle words

b. : nothing , nothingness

c. : vain self-satisfaction

7.

a. : air carrying a scent (as of a hunter or game)

b. : slight information especially about something secret : intimation

got wind of the plan

8.

a. : musical wind instruments especially as distinguished from strings and percussion

b. plural : players of wind instruments

9.

a. : a direction from which the wind may blow : a point of the compass ; especially : one of the cardinal points

b. : the direction from which the wind is blowing

• wind·less -ləs adjective

• wind·less·ly adverb

- before the wind

- close to the wind

- have the wind of

- in the wind

- near the wind

- off the wind

- on the wind

- to the wind

- under the wind

II. ˈwind

Date: 15th century

transitive verb

1. : to detect or follow by scent

2. : to expose to the air or wind : dry by exposing to air

3. : to make short of breath

4. : to regulate the wind supply of (an organ pipe)

5. : to rest (as a horse) in order to allow the breath to be recovered

intransitive verb

1. : to scent game

2. dialect : to pause for breath

III. ˈwīnd, ˈwind verb

( wind·ed ˈwīn-dəd, ˈwin- ; or wound ˈwau̇nd ; wind·ing )

Etymology: wind (I)

Date: 1586

transitive verb

1. : to cause (as a horn) to sound by blowing : blow

2. : to sound (as a call or note) on a horn

wound a rousing call — R. L. Stevenson

intransitive verb

: to produce a sound on a horn

IV. ˈwīnd verb

( wound ˈwau̇nd ; also wind·ed ; wind·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English windan to twist, move with speed or force, brandish; akin to Old High German wintan to wind, Umbrian oha vendu let him turn aside

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

1.

a. obsolete : weave

b. : entangle , involve

c. : to introduce sinuously or stealthily : insinuate

2.

a. : to encircle or cover with something pliable : bind with loops or layers

b. : to turn completely or repeatedly about an object : coil , twine

c.

(1) : to hoist or haul by means of a rope or chain and a windlass

(2) : to move (a ship) by hauling on a capstan

d.

(1) : to tighten the spring of

wind a clock

(2) obsolete : to make tighter : tighten , tune

(3) : crank

e. : to raise to a high level (as of excitement or tension) — usually used with up

3.

a. : to cause to move in a curving line or path

b. archaic : to turn the course of ; especially : to lead (a person) as one wishes

c.

(1) : to cause (as a ship) to change direction : turn

(2) : to turn (a ship) end for end

d. : to traverse on a curving course

the river wind s the valley

e. : to effect by or as if by curving

intransitive verb

1. : bend , warp

2.

a. : to have a curving course or shape : extend in curves

b. : to proceed as if by winding

3. : to move so as to encircle something

4. : to turn when lying at anchor

V. ˈwīnd noun

Date: 14th century

1. : a mechanism (as a winch) for winding

2. : an act of winding : the state of being wound

3. : coil , turn

4. : a particular method of winding

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.