Meaning of DIRECTION in English

DIRECTION

noun

1 where to/from

ADJECTIVE

▪ same

They were both going in the same ~.

▪ different , opposing , opposite , reverse , separate ( esp. AmE )

We are pulled in opposing ~s by our emotions.

The ride in the reverse ~ is a mere $4.

We both walked off in separate ~s.

▪ right , wrong

Unfortunately, we were going in the wrong ~.

▪ general

I fired in the general ~ of the officer's head, and missed.

▪ expected ( esp. AmE ), predicted

America has not moved in the expected ~.

the predicted ~ of climate change in the near term

▪ unexpected

Support came from an unexpected ~.

▪ clockwise

Turn the dial in a clockwise ~.

▪ anticlockwise ( BrE ), counterclockwise ( AmE )

▪ downward , upward

These figures may have to be revised in an upward ~.

▪ backward , forward

She shoved Sarah in the general forward ~.

▪ northerly , southerly , etc.

The current flows in a south-easterly ~.

▪ east-west , north-south

The runway was constructed in a north-south ~.

▪ horizontal , vertical

A scanner deflects the laser beam in horizontal and vertical ~s.

▪ random

He started to run in a random ~.

▪ cardinal , compass (both esp. AmE )

a house oriented exactly to the cardinal ~s

I measured the distance and compass ~ between successive positions.

▪ wind

When sailing, keep a constant check on changes in wind ~.

VERB + DIRECTION

▪ take

Which ~ do we have to take?

▪ change , reverse , switch

The wind had changed ~.

What happens if you reverse the ~ of the current?

Suddenly, the wind switched ~s.

▪ flow in , go in , go off in

▪ follow , head in , move in , travel in

Dan followed the ~ the sign had pointed.

The convoy is moving in the ~ of the capital.

▪ veer in , veer off in

While he was studying in Paris, his thinking suddenly veered off in a new ~.

▪ come from , come in

He was hit by a truck coming in the opposite ~.

▪ face , face in

I didn't see the accident because I was facing in the opposite ~.

▪ glance in , look in , nod in , point in

She glanced in his ~.

‘Look!’ she said, pointing in the ~ of the coast.

▪ indicate , point out

The adults gazed in the ~ indicated.

▪ nudge sb in , point sb in

We have to nudge politicians in the right ~.

I can't come with you, but I can point you in the general ~.

▪ pull (sb/sth) in ( often figurative )

There are different considerations, pulling in different ~s.

PREPOSITION

▪ from a/the ~

There was shriek of laughter from the ~ of Sarah's room.

Let's approach the subject from a different ~.

▪ in a/the ~

The aircraft was flying in a northerly ~.

PHRASES

▪ the ~ of flow , the ~ of movement , the ~ of travel

I prefer to be facing the ~ of travel.

▪ the ~ of sb's gaze

She followed the ~ of his gaze.

▪ from all ~s , from both ~s

People came running from all ~s.

▪ in all ~s , in both ~s

The blast sent debris flying in all ~s.

The road was blocked in both ~s.

▪ a glance in sb/sth's ~ , a nod in sb/sth's ~

People passed by without a glance in her ~.

The report gives a brief nod in the ~ of green issues ( = mentions them briefly ). ( figurative )

▪ a sense of ~

I don't have much sense of ~.

▪ in any particular ~ , in no particular ~

The story does not go in any particular ~.

She stalked away, in no particular ~.

2 development

ADJECTIVE

▪ new

The party must take a new ~ if it is to survive.

▪ right , wrong

▪ desired

These incentives should move the industry in the desired ~.

▪ positive

I felt the company was headed in a positive ~.

a step to change your life in a positive ~

▪ promising

This points to a promising new ~ for cancer research.

▪ clear

No clear ~ in policy can be identified.

▪ future

the debate about the future ~ of socialism

▪ policy , strategic

His understanding of our business will further strengthen our strategic ~.

VERB + DIRECTION

▪ take

It is hard to know which ~ the Church will take.

▪ change , shift ( esp. AmE )

It's time to change ~ and find a new job.

The company needed to shift ~ if it was going to survive.

▪ go in , move in

At least things are moving in the right ~ now.

▪ influence , shape

the critical decisions that shape the ~ of our lives

▪ determine

First determine the ~ of your expected business growth.

She's a young woman, determining the ~ of her life.

▪ set

The proposals aim to set a new ~ for local government.

▪ indicate

The recommendations indicate possible ~s for further studies.

PHRASES

▪ a change of ~

This was a major change of ~ for Britain's foreign policy.

▪ a shift in ~

The book signals a shift in ~ from her earlier novels.

▪ a step in … direction

The first step in this ~ will be a discussion with the unions.

▪ a step in the right ~ , a step in the wrong ~

The new law is undoubtedly a step in the right ~, but it doesn't go far enough.

▪ in one ~

I was being pushed in one ~.

The market is moving primarily in one ~.

3 purpose

ADJECTIVE

▪ clear

Do not let the discussion fragment into a desultory conversation with no clear ~.

VERB + DIRECTION

▪ be lacking in ( esp. BrE ), lack

Once again her life felt lacking in ~.

PHRASES

▪ a sense of ~

We are looking for somebody with a clear sense of ~.

4 ( often directions ) instructions

ADJECTIVE

▪ clear , good , precise , specific

Isabel's ~s are always very precise.

The teacher gives specific ~s and corrects your pose.

▪ step-by-step

Each card has step-by-step ~s on one side.

▪ easy-to-follow

Each chapter includes easy-to-follow ~s for a variety of activities.

▪ stage

Shakespeare's famous stage ~, ‘Exit, pursued by a bear.’

▪ driving

Internet sites that offer everything from driving ~s to subway maps

▪ online

Just follow the online ~s to take the quiz.

▪ label ( AmE )

Follow label ~s for best results.

VERB + DIRECTION

▪ ask , ask for

Let's stop and ask for ~s.

▪ give sb , provide

Can you give me ~s for getting to John's?

signs providing ~s to the new concert hall.

▪ get

We got ~s to the hall from a man in the town.

▪ follow

Just follow the ~s on the box.

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ for

Are there any ~s for putting up the tent?

▪ ~ to

Can you give me ~s to the post office?

5 control/guidance

ADJECTIVE

▪ clear

In effective classrooms the teacher provided clear ~.

▪ strategic

the strategic ~ of the company

▪ spiritual

The monarch looks to the archbishop for spiritual ~.

▪ government

All such research is under government ~.

VERB + DIRECTION

▪ give sb , provide (sb with)

PREPOSITION

▪ under sb's ~

They work under the ~ of a senior manager.

▪ ~ from

The new workers need ~ from a supervisor.

◆◆◆

NOTE: Points of the compass

▪ due … (of)

The park is due north of Santa Cruz.

▪ far … 

a small town in the far north of Canada

The reserve is a little further south on the coast.

▪ down south , up north

They have moved down south ( = to the south of the country ).

▪ journey …  ( esp. BrE ), way … 

On our way south we passed through hostile territory.

▪ road …  , track … 

the road west out of the city

▪ be … of, lie … of

San Diego is south of Los Angeles.

▪ north-east, south-east

The farm lies 60 miles north-east of Cape Town.

▪ come …  , go … 

I thought we were going east.

▪ drive …  , fly …  , run …  , travel …  , walk … 

From Fort William drive north for a couple of miles.

▪ set off … 

The troops set off north.

▪ carry on …  , continue …  , proceed … 

The road continues west for ten miles.

▪ bear …  , head … 

Take the N1 heading west from Bern.

▪ turn … 

When you reach the top, turn west.

▪ face …  , look … 

The kitchen window faces south.

The painting depicts the river looking north from the bridge.

▪  … bank ,  … coast ,  … shore

the south bank of the river

▪  … wind

a bitter east wind

▪ in the … (of)

I live in the north.

There are lakes in the north-east of Poland.

▪ from the … (of)

The wind is coming from the west.

▪ to the … (of)

Oxford is to the north-west of London.

▪ towards/toward the … 

Towards/Toward the north the woods turn into pine forests.

▪ which way is … ?

Which way is west?

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .