Meaning of STONE in English

STONE

I.

noun

1 hard solid substance

ADJECTIVE

▪ heavy

▪ hard

▪ rough , smooth

▪ weathered

▪ carved

a carved ~ fireplace

▪ dressed , polished

The wall was built of large blocks of dressed ~.

▪ crushed

▪ building

… OF STONE

▪ block , slab

VERB + STONE

▪ break , cut , hew (sth from/out of)

Convicts were made to break ~ for the roads.

The ~ is cut into blocks ready for building.

The walls were hewn from local ~.

▪ be built from/in/of/out of , be carved from/in/of/out of , be made from/in/of/out of

names carved in ~

▪ carve sth in

STONE + NOUN

▪ block , flag ( BrE ), slab

The path's ~ slabs were worn and broken.

▪ arch , archway , bridge , building , floor , house , pillar , stairs , structure , wall , etc.

▪ monument , sculpture , tablet

▪ axe/ax , tool

▪ mason (usually stonemason )

He went to work as a stonemason.

PREPOSITION

▪ in ~

He is a sculptor who works mainly in ~.

PHRASES

▪ be set in , be written in ( both figurative )

These rules are not set in ~.

2 ( esp. BrE ) small piece of rock ⇨ See also ↑ rock

ADJECTIVE

▪ sharp

▪ smooth

▪ round

▪ loose

Some loose ~s tumbled down the slope behind her.

… OF STONES

▪ heap , pile

VERB + STONE

▪ cast ( figurative ), hurl , throw

Let he who is without sin cast the first ~.

The boys were caught throwing ~s at passing trains.

3 piece of stone shaped for a particular purpose

ADJECTIVE

▪ foundation

▪ memorial

▪ paving , stepping

▪ cobble , kerb/curb (usually cobblestone , etc.)

▪ grinding , sharpening

▪ pumice

▪ standing

STONE + NOUN

▪ circle

The ~ circle at Avebury is larger than Stonehenge.

4 precious stone

ADJECTIVE

▪ gem (usually gemstone ) , precious , semi-precious

VERB + STONE

▪ mine

▪ cut

▪ set

She had the ~ set in a ring.

STONE + VERB

▪ glitter , shine

5 ( BrE ) measure of weight

II.

verb

Stone is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ avocado

III.

adv.

Stone is used with these adjectives: ↑ broke , ↑ cold , ↑ deaf

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .