Meaning of COLLAPSE in English

COLLAPSE

/ kəˈlæps; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

OF BUILDING

1.

[ v ] to fall down or fall in suddenly, often after breaking apart

SYN give way :

The roof collapsed under the weight of snow.

OF SICK PERSON

2.

[ v ] to fall down (and usually become unconscious), especially because you are very ill / sick :

He collapsed in the street and died two hours later.

RELAX

3.

[ v ] ( informal ) to sit or lie down and relax, especially after working hard :

When I get home I like to collapse on the sofa and listen to music.

FAIL

4.

[ v ] to fail suddenly or completely

SYN break down :

Talks between management and unions have collapsed.

All opposition to the plan has collapsed.

OF PRICES / CURRENCIES

5.

[ v ] to decrease suddenly in amount or value :

Share prices collapsed after news of poor trading figures.

FOLD

6.

to fold sth into a shape that uses less space; to be able to be folded in this way

SYN fold up :

[ v ]

The table collapses for easy storage.

[also vn ]

MEDICAL

7.

[ v , vn ] if a lung or blood vessel collapses or is collapsed , it falls in and becomes flat and empty

►  col·lapsed adjective :

collapsed buildings

a collapsed investment bank

a collapsed lung

■ noun

FAILURE

1.

[ C , usually sing. , U ] a sudden failure of sth, such as an institution, a business or a course of action :

the collapse of law and order in the area

The peace talks were on the verge of collapse .

OF BUILDING

2.

[ U ] the action of a building suddenly falling :

The walls were strengthened to protect them from collapse.

ILLNESS

3.

[ U , C , usually sing. ] a medical condition when a person suddenly becomes very ill / sick, or when sb falls because they are ill / sick or weak :

a state of mental / nervous collapse

She was taken to hospital after her collapse at work.

OF PRICES / CURRENCIES

4.

[ C , usually sing. ] a sudden fall in value :

the collapse of share prices / the dollar / the market

••

WORD ORIGIN

early 17th cent. (as collapsed ): from medical Latin collapsus , past participle of collabi , from col- together + labi to slip.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.